Serapias L., Sp. Pl.: 950 (1753).
Isias De Not., Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino, II, 6: 413 (1844).
Lonchitis Bubani, Fl. Pyren. 4: 50 (1901).
Serapiastrum A.A.Eaton, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 21: 67 (1908).
Serapias have spurless flowers and usually go dormant during the winter seasons.
The genus was named after Serapis, a syncretic Hellenistic-Egyptian god in Antiquity.
Grow in partial sun. Plant grows in cool to cold temperatures and should be water regularly during growing season and reduced during flowering. With hold watering during dormancy period (in winter and summer) and mist occasionally. Pot with 70% fine to medium grade perlite or clay and 30% soil, peat, or bark. Plant can tolerate frost

Serapias × ambigua Rouy ex E.G.Camus Medit.
Serapias × ambigua nothosubsp. ambigua Medit.
Serapias cordigera L. Azores, SC. Europe to Medit.
Serapias cordigera subsp. azorica (Schltr.) Soó Azores
Serapias cordigera subsp. cordigera SC. Europe to Medit.
Serapias × intermedia Forest. ex F.W.Schultz Medit.
Serapias × kelleri A.Camus Medit.
Serapias lingua L. Medit.
Serapias lingua subsp. duriaei (Rchb. ex Batt.) Soó W. Medit.
Serapias lingua subsp. lingua Medit.
Serapias orientalis (Greuter) H.Baumann & Künkele EC. & E. Medit. to W. Transcaucasus
Serapias orientalis subsp. orientalis. EC. & E. Medit. to W. Transcaucasus
Serapias × oulmesiaca H.Baumann & Künkele Morocco.
Serapias parviflora Parl., Giorn. Canary Is., Medit.
Serapias × rainei E.G.Camus W. Medit.
Serapias × todaroi Tineo Medit.
Serapias vomeracea (Burm.f.) Briq. SC. Europe, Medit. to W. Caucasus.

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; accessed1/20/2010
Bibliography and References:
Delforge P. 2004 Le Serapias d'Elsa. (The Elsa's Serapias.) Nat. Belg. 85. 103-109 Fr (En)
Fouclet A, Lecomte V. 1998 Serapias parviflora dans les Landes. Orchidophile 29. (134): 214-217 (1998)
Gerbaud M, Gerbaud O. 1998 Considerations sur quelques Serapias varois. Orchidophile 29. (130): 10-22 (1998)
Hervy JP, Hervy M, Nicole M. 1999 Serapias parviflora Parlatore 1793 dans l'Herault. Orchidophile. 30. (136): 81-82 (1999)
Tyteca D. 2000 The orchid flora of Portugal: addendum n.3. Remarks on Spiranthes spiralis (L.) Chevall. and three new taxa to the Portuguese flora. J. Eur. Orchideen 32. (2): 291-347 (2000)