AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Benthamia A.Rich., Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 37 (1828).
Synonyms:
Rolfeella Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 18 (1924).
Oligophyton H.P.Linder, Kew Bull. 41: 314 (1986).
Description:
Plants terrestrial or epiphytic, with 2-7 tubers, entirely glabrous, except for those in a limited number of species, stern without radical sheaths, with 1-2 radical or 2-5 cauline leaves. Flowers small, whitish, yellowish or greenish, in narrow racemes, densely or loosely arranged. Sepals and petals free or nearly so, entire. Labellum rarely entire, most often trilobed, without basal calluses or speculum, spur short, often scrotiform, rarely cylindrical. Anther apiculate or not, viscidiums flat, oval or elliptical; staminodes well developed, subspatulate or falciform. Rostellum small, tridenticulate or trilobed on the posterior margins. Stigmas small, often separated apically or alightly porrect, always very short.
Distribution:
E. Zimbabwe, W. Indian Ocean
Species:

Benthamia africana (Lindl.) ined. Mascarenes, Madagascar
Benthamia bathieana Schltr. Réunion, Madagascar.
Benthamia calceolata H.Perrier Madagascar.
Benthamia catatiana H.Perrier SW. Madagascar.
Benthamia chlorantha (Spreng.) Garay & G.A.Romero Mascarenes.
Benthamia cinnabarina (Rolfe) H.Perrier C. Madagascar
Benthamia cuspidata H.Perrier NE. Madagascar.
Benthamia dauphinensis (Rolfe) Schltr. SW. Madagascar.
Benthamia elata Schltr. SE. Madagascar.
Benthamia exilis Schltr. Madagascar.
Benthamia exilis var. exilis E. Madagascar.
Benthamia exilis var. tenuissima Schltr. Madagascar.
Benthamia glaberrima (Ridl.) H.Perrier C. & NE. Madagascar.
Benthamia herminioides Schltr. Madagascar.
Benthamia herminioides subsp. angustifolia H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia herminioides subsp. arcuata H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia herminioides subsp. herminioides C. Madagascar.
Benthamia herminioides subsp. intermedia H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia humbertii H.Perrier SE. Madagascar.
Benthamia longicalceata H.Perrier Madagascar.
Benthamia macra Schltr. SE. Madagascar.
Benthamia madagascariensis (Rolfe) Schltr. S. Madagascar.
Benthamia majoriflora H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia melanopoda Schltr. C. Madagascar.
Benthamia misera (Ridl.) Schltr. N. & C. Madagascar.
Benthamia monophylla Schltr. SE. Madagascar.
Benthamia nigrescens Schltr. Réunion, Madagascar.
Benthamia nigrescens subsp. borbonica H.Perrier Réunion.
Benthamia nigrescens subsp. decaryana H.Perrier NW. Madagascar.
Benthamia nigrescens subsp. humblotiana H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia nigrescens subsp. nigrescens C. Madagascar.
Benthamia nigrescens subsp. secundiflora H.Perrier Réunion.
Benthamia nigrovaginata H.Perrier SE. Madagascar.
Benthamia nivea Schltr. Madagascar.
Benthamia nivea subsp. nivea C. Madagascar.
Benthamia nivea subsp. parviflora H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia perfecunda H.Perrier N. Madagascar.
Benthamia perularioides Schltr. C. Madagascar.
Benthamia praecox Schltr. SE. Madagascar.
Benthamia procera Schltr. NE. Madagascar.
Benthamia rostrata Schltr. Madagascar.
Benthamia verecunda Schltr. N. Madagascar.

World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/ accessed 26.08.2013
Bibliography and References:
Barthlott W, Neinhuis C, Cutler D, Ditsch F, Meusel I, Theisen I, Wilhelmi H. 1998 Classification and terminology of plant epicuticular waxes. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 126. 237-260.