AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Bartholina R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 194 (1813).
Synonyms:
Lathrisia Sw., Adnot. Bot.: 48 (1829).
Description:
Sepals subequal, free, erect, narrow, somewhat herbaceous. Petals coloured, about as long as the sepals. Lip adnate to the column at the extreme base, produced into an acute spur; limb broad, spreading, and deeply fimbriate-multifid. Column very short below the anther; middle lobe of rostellum short, reflexed; stigma not produced; anther-bed erect, very long and narrow, concave, continuous at the base with the side lobes of the rostellum. Anther connective not distinct from the anther-bed; cells sub parallel, adnate, apex elongate, adnate to the lobes of the rostellum; pollinia solitary in the cells, coarsely granular; caudicles very long, dilated into glands at the apex, included within the lobes of the rostellum. Dwarf terrestrial herbs, with ovoid-oblong tubers; leaves solitary, basal, spreading, reniform-orbicular and amplexicaul; flowers solitary at the apex of a short hairy scape.
Distribution:
Namibia to Cape Prov.
Cultivation:
Not in cultivation.
Key to the species of Bartholina R.Br.
Bibliography and References:
Duncan G. 2005 Plant portraits: 515. Bartholina burmanniana. Orchidaceae. Curtis's Bot. Mag. 22. (1): 25-31, plate 515 (2005)