AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Goodyera R.Br. in W.T.Aiton, Hortus Kew. 5: 197 (1813).

Synonyms:

Epipactis Ség., Pl. Veron. 3: 253 (1754), nom. rej.
Tussaca Raf., Précis Découv. Somiol.: 42 (1814).
Gonogona Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 2: 369 (1822).
Eucosia Blume, Bijdr.: 415 (1825).
Cionisaccus Breda, Gen. Sp. Orchid. Asclep.: t. 8 (1827).
Georchis Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 19: t. 1618 (1833).
Geobina Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 49 (1838).
Cordylestylis Falc., J. Bot. (Hooker) 4: 74 (1842).
Leucostachys Hoffmanns., Verz. Orchid.: 26 (1842).
Salacistis Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 5: 36 (1857).
Elasmatium Dulac, Fl. Hautes-Pyrénées: 121 (1867).
Orchiodes Trew ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 674 (1891).
Peramium Salisb. ex Coult., Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 2: 425 (1894).
Vieillardorchis Kraenzl., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 4: 143 (1928).
Allochilus Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., II, 4: 591 (1932).
Bathiorchis Bosser & P.J.Cribb, Adansonia, III, 25: 229 (2003).

Description:

Herbs terrestrial, rarely epiphytic. Rhizomes creeping, often elongated, with nodes bearing several thick roots. Stem erect, short or long, with alternate or clustered leaves. Leaves slightly fleshy, petiolate, adaxially often with colored veins or markings. Inflorescence terminal, few to many flowered, racemose, rarely densely spikelike, secund or cylindric. Flowers resupinate, often relatively small. Sepals free, subsimilar, abaxially often hairy; dorsal sepal erect, concave, connivent with narrow petals forming a hood over column and lip; lateral sepals erect or spreading. Petals thinner than sepals, membranous; labellum +/- connected with the column at base, not lobed or indistinctly 3-lobed, concave-saccate at base, apical portion a limb; sac often hairy inside; column short, without appendages. Anther erect or decumbent, on abaxial side of column; pollinia 2, each longitudinally 2-parted, granular-farinaceous, sectile, without caudicle, attached to a viscidium; rostellum erect, long or short, 2-lobed; stigma 1, below rostellum. Capsule erect, ovoid to ellipsoid.

Distribution:

Europe, Madeira, Mozambique, W. Indian Ocean to Pacific, N. & C. America, Caribbean

Species:

Goodyera afzelii Schltr. Mozambique (Chimanimani Mts.), N. & NE. Madagascar.
Goodyera bracteata Thouars Mascarenes.
Goodyera flaccida Schltr. NE. Madagascar.
Goodyera goudotii Ormerod & Cavestro Madagascar.
Goodyera humicola (Schltr.) Schltr. NE. Madagascar.
Goodyera macrophylla Lowe N. & C. Madeira.
Goodyera perrieri (Schltr.) Schltr. SE. Madagascar.
Goodyera rosea (H.Perrier) Ormerod Madagascar (Mt. Maromizaha).
Goodyera sechellarum (S.Moore) Ormerod Seychelles.

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed1/20/2010

Bibliography and References:
Arditti J. 1982 Orchid Rev. 90(1067): 292 (1982)- 83 and/or 25 years ago. En Quotes article by Oakes Ames on Goodyera tessellata from the September 1899 issue of The Orchid Review.
Averyanov LV. 2007 New species of orchids from Vietnam. Taiwania 52. (4): 287-306. En (Ch) Many new taxa.
Cribb PJ, Ormerod P. 2001 Goodyera R. Br. (Orchidaceae): a new generic record for tropical Africa. Kew Bull. 56. (2): 501-502 (2001)
Fowlie JA. 1980 The occurrence of Ladyslipper orchids and Jewell orchids: 2. The occurrence of Cypripedium montanum in Yosemite National Park with Goodyera oblongifolia. Orchid Dig. 44. (1): 19 - 22 (1980)
Lucksom SZ. 1993 A new species of Goodyera R. Br. (Orchidaceae) from Sikkim, India. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 72. (1-2): 191-192 (1993)
Ormerod P, Wood JJ. 2001 Notes on Bornean Goodyera (Orchidaceae: Cranichideae: Goodyerinae). Orchid Rev. 109. (1242): 369-371 (2001)
Ormerod P. 1996 Notes on the orchids of New Guinea and the Pacific: part 2. Austral. Orchid Rev. 61. (5): 39, 41-42 (1996)
Pearce N, Cribb PJ, Renz J. 2001 Notes relating to the flora of Bhutan: 34. Taxonomic notes, new taxa and additions to the Orchidaceae of Bhutan and Sikkim (India). Edinburgh J. Bot. 58. (1): 99-122 (2001)
Pedersen HE, Lojtnat B. 1992 Knaerod (Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br.): sociologi, udbredelse og status i Danmark. Flora Fauna (Arhus) 93. (3-4): 77-86 (1992)
Pradhan GM. 1971 Himalayan 'jewels'. Orchid Rev. 79. (933): 79-82 (1971)
Pradhan UC. 1975 A new species of Goodyera. Orchid Dig. 39. (4): 132-133 (1975)
Stern WL, Morris MW, Judd WS, Pridgeon AM, Dressler RL. 1993 Comparative vegetative anatomy and systematics of Spiranthoideae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 113. 161-197.
Teuscher H. 1978 Collector's item: Erythrodes, Goodyera, Haemaria and Macodes, with Anoectochilus. Amer. Orchid Soc. Bull. 47. (2): 121 - 129 (1978)