AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Angraecum pseudofilicornu H.Perrier, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 7: 108 (1937).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Arachnangraecum pseudofilicornu (H.Perrier) Szlach., Mytnik & Grochocka, Biodivers. Res. Conservation 29: 11 (2013).
Description:
Plants with verrucose roots, thin stems (generally 2 mm in diameter), 10-20 cm long, pendent or leaning, covered by the short, traversely rugose sheaths, bearing several distant, linear, apical leaves (3-8 cm x 3-5 mm), rigid, thick, canaliculated above, semi cylindrical below, terminal lobes obtuse and equal. Inflorescence 1-3 flowered, 5-7 cm long, from in the axillary sheaths; peduncle 3-4 cm long, very thin basally, twice as thick apically, bare except for the base which is clad with 2-3 short sheaths; bracts scarious, thin, obtuse, generally 6 mm long; pedicel 1-2 cm long; flowers with the sepals and petals of a salmon-rose, with the labellum pure white and with the spur brownish. Sepals attenuate from the wide (4 mm.) base to the acute apex, 1.8 cm long, the median recurved behind, the laterals flat, Petals curved sickle shaped behind, lanceolate-acute, narrower than the sepals (2.2 mm wide medially). Labellum very concave, wider (2.5 cm) than long (1.8 cm), cuspidate, widely embracing the base of the column, provided below and above with a single keel which continues into the spur oriface, with 2 pits basally, spur 15 cm, long, compressed and attenuate to the wide oriface (6 mm), totally filiform. Anther tridentate in front; pollina obovate with their cauda retracted, joined by a common, shortly cylindrical retinacle. Column very short; clinandrium shallow, saddle shaped, auricles nearly square 2 mm wide, median tooth of the rostellum very small (0.l mm). Capsule obovate (15 x 9 mm) 3 winged and with 3 angles, provided with lateral margins.
Habitat:
Angraecum pseudofilicornu is found on the northern tip of the island of Madagascar, on Montagne d'Ambre (Amber Mountain), at around 1,000 meters (3,300 feet) in altitude, in moss forest, where it flowers in November.
Cultivation:
Can been mounted on cork, and given daily misting, intermediate temperatures, and medium to lower light, but pot culture is quite acceptable.
Notes:
Angraecum pseudofilicornu is similar to Angraecum scottianum from the Comoro Islands, but is found only on the island of Madagascar. It is a little less vigorous in plant growth and size than scottianum, but its pinkish sepals give it added charm. Flowering usually occurs through July and August in the northern hemisphere, and the blooms last 4 weeks or so. Mature plants generally carry 4—8 flowers. The size of this delightful plant is small, and it should be a welcome addition to any hobby greenhouse, as well as basements, windows, and other small places.
Distribution:
N. Madagascar
References:
Miniature Orchids Northern 1988; Cultivated Angraecoid Orchids Of Madagascar Hillerman & Holst 1986; Flora Of Madagascar Perrier 1936/81; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; WCSP (2017). 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. 28.01-2017; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
Images:
Click on each image to see a larger version.

In culture In culture In culture In culture In culture In culture
angraecum pseudofilicornu 01 angraecum pseudofilicornu  02 angraecum pseudofilicornu 03 angraecum pseudofilicornu 04 angraecum pseudofilicornu 05 angraecum pseudofilicornu 06
Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission. Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission. Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission. Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission. Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission. Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission.

Habitat/ In situ
Angraecum pseudofilicornu 01
Photograph Gilles Grunenwald. Image used with kind permission.