AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Paralophia P.J.Cribb & Hermans, Bot. Mag. 22: 48 (2005).
Description:
Epiphytic herbs with many-noded, stem-like rhizomes resembling those of a monopodial orchid. Roots basal. Perennating organ cylindrical or pseudobulbous, fusiform, homoblastic, manyleaved. Leaves linear-lanceolate, acute to acuminate, obscurely pleated, articulated to a sheathing base. Infl orescence lateral, arising opposite leaves in upper part of stem, racemose, simple; bracts persistent. Flowers with pale yellow sepals and petals and a white labellum veined with pink or rose-purple. Dorsal sepal free, lanceolate, acute, suberect with an upcurved tip; lateral sepals oblique at base, otherwise similar to dorsal sepal. Petals free, elliptic-lanceolate, acute, porrect or spreading, shorter and broader than sepals. Labellum free to base of column, trilobed, spurred at base, callose, lateral lobes free to base of column, midlobe fl at; callus two- or three-ridged; spur conical. Column with a foot; anther cap conical, pollinia two, subglobose; stipe solitary, triangular to oblong; viscidium semi-lunate. Ovary cylindrical, grooved.
Notes:
The generic name refers to the similarity of the flowers to those of Eulophia: from the Greek prefix para, meaning beside or from the side of, and lophia, a mane or bristly ridge, in allusion to the callus ridges found in this genus and Eulophia.
Distribution:
Madagascar
Species:

Paralophia epiphytica (P.J.Cribb, Du Puy & Bosser) P.J.Cribb SE. Madagascar.
Paralophia palmicola (H.Perrier) P.J.Cribb SW. Madagascar.

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed1/20/2010
Bibliography and References:

Hermans, J. & Cribb, P.J. (2005). Plant portraits: 519. Paralophia epiphytica. Orchidaceae. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 22 (1): 47-52.