Eulophia macra Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 22: 120 (1886).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Lissochilus macer (Ridl.) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 43 (1941).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia ambositrana Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 331 (1916).
Description:
Plants 60 cm -120 cm tall; pseudobulbs appressed, ovoid-sub connical, 3-5cm. tall, forming irregular, projecting rays, 3-4 leaves, the new bulb developing prior to flowering. Leaves narrowly linear (40-60 cm x 3.5-7 mm) acute, not visibly articuate to the sheath. Inflorescence paniculate; peduncle clothed by the distant, thin, appressed and acuminate sheaths; panicle loosely difuse, multi-flowered; bracts linear-acute, 1.5-2 mm long, flowers small, 14 mm long, of a dull color. Sepals lanceolate-acute (6 x l mm), with 3 slightly visible veins. Petals slightly shorter and wider (5 x 1.2 mm), with 3-5 obscure stripes. Labellum (8 x 5 mm apically) entire, obovate, fimbriate apically, with 8-10 fan shaped veins; provided basally with several small crests: spur short (3 mm) and slightly clavate-obtuse. Column apiculate, 1.5 mm long; anther very small (0.5 mm) apiculate obtuse.
Habitat:
Terrestrial, from rocky areas near forests from 0-1400 m, alt.
Phenology:
Flowering from April-June.
Cultivation:
As given for the genus, hot to cool growing terrestro-lithophyte.
Distribution:
SC. & SE. Madagascar
References:
Flora of Madagascar: vascular plants: 49th family, Orchids / by H. Perrier de La Bathie; published under the auspices of the government of Madagascar and under the direction of H. Humbert; English revision and translation by Steven D. Beckman; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007 photo fide; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; African Orchids: XXIV V. S. Summerhayes, Kew Bulletin, Vol. 12, No. 1 (1957), pp. 107-126
Images:
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In culture In culture
eulophia macra 02 eulophia macra
Photograph Karl Senghas©
Swiss Orchid Foundation at
the Herbarium Jany Renz
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph Karl Senghas©
Swiss Orchid Foundation at
the Herbarium Jany Renz
Image used with kind
permission.