Eulophia hians Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 720 (1826).
Description:
Terrestrial herb, 26–75 cm tall. Perennating organs mostly subterranean, pseudobulbous, flattened-conical, in chains, 1.2–1.5 × 2 cm; roots 2 mm in diameter, white. Leaves 5–6 in a fan, 5–73 cm × 3–9 mm, plicate, linear, acuminate, lowermost sheathing, well developed at flowering time. Inflorescence produced with leaves, laxly few- to many-flowered; peduncle 11–73 cm long, 2–3 mm in diameter, with 4–5 papery acuminate sheathing bracts, more than half the length of internodes, sometimes as long as or longer; rhachis 6–16 cm long; bracts spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, 9–18 mm long. Flowers rather small, often self-pollinating; sepals plum-purple, yellow-green, green, greenish-brown or brown flushed with reddish-purple; petals lilac, white flushed with pink or purple, yellow or yellow-green; lip violet, yellow, yellowish-green or white flushed dull red-purple on edges; callus off-white, yellowish or greenish. Pedicel and ovary 10–14 mm long. Dorsal sepal 9–16 × 3–4 mm, oblong-elliptic, apiculate, keeled on outer side; lateral sepals similar but oblique, 10–16 × 4–4.5 mm. Petals 8–14 × 3–5 mm, elliptic, obtuse or apiculate. Lip 7.5–14 × 5–9 mm, 3-lobed; side lobes rounded in front; mid-lobe 3–7 × 3–5 mm, subcircular-oblong, obtuse; callus of 2 basal ridges and 4 lines of papillae on mid-lobe; spur 2–8.9 mm long, more or less incurved, cylindrical-clavate. Column 4–7 mm long; foot 0–2 mm long. Fruit pendent, 18–20 mm long.
Habitat:
In grass and bushlands often very dry, at elevations of 1650 to 2200 meters.
Cultivation:
As given for the genus.
Distribution:
Ethiopia to S. Africa, Madagascar, SW. Arabian Pen.
References:
Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11, Part 2, (1998) Author: I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb; New Orchids; Decade 41 Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Vol. 1913, No. 9 (1913), pp. 338-343; Note on Nomenclature and Typification of Eulophia hians Spreng. (Orchidaceae) S. Thomas, Kew Bulletin, Vol. 53, No. 4 (1998), pp. 1005-1007; POWO (2022). "Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org/ Retrieved 26 November 2022."
Images:
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Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ
eulophia hians 01 eulophia hians 02 eulophia hians 03 eulophia hians 04
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.