AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Grammangis Rchb.f., Hamburger Garten- Blumenzeitung 16: 520 (1860).
Description:
Plants epiphytic, resembling large bulbophyllum, pseudobulbs without sheaths or leaves except for apically where are 3-5 leaves. Leaves flat, fleshy-coriaceous, articulate to the sheath, persistent on the old bulbs. Inflorescence arising from the base of the developing bulb, racemiform, not branching; flowers large, opening well. Median sepal free; lateral sepals and petals attach basally to the column foot, forming a distinct minimum. Labellum 3-lobed, spur inserted at the base of the column foot, base of the Labellum provided with several cress or small calluses. Column narrow, with the narrow foot hollowed and a deep pit (nectary) which replaces the spur. Anther with 3 posterior appendages, the laterals diverging the median smaller, pollina sessile, with a wide flat common viscidium, thin and suborbicular.
Type species:
Grammangis ellisii (Lindl.) Rchb.f.
Distribution:
Madagascar
Key to the species of Grammangis Rchb.f.,
Bibliography and References:
Herndon CN. 1999 Grammangis: Madagascan orchids of distinction. Orchids 68. (9): 926-931 (1999)
Khayota BN. 1995 Systematics of the genus Ansellia Lindl. Univ. Reading.: (Orchidaceae). PhD Thesis 220 pp.. 169 ANS. SEM - pollinia. LM - leaf & root. Floral fragrances, ecology & conservation.
Pottinger M. 1982 African orchinds: genera from 'G" to 'M'. Orchid Rev. 90. (1068): 327-329 (1982)
Stern WL, Judd WS. 2002 Systematic and comparative anatomy of Cymbidieae (Orchidaceae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 139. 1-27. LM.
Stewart J. 1975 The genus Grammangis Reichb.f. Orchid Rev. 83. (990): 403-405 (1975)