AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Neotinea Rchb.f., Tent. Orchidogr. Eur.: 29 (1850).
Description:
This is a newly recognized genus of some seven European species, all of which have recently been reclassified and moved from the genus Orchis.
The species were all once part of the monophyletic Orchis tridentata group which had for many years been the subject of considerable research and study. The group was known to be in many ways similar to the Orchis militaris group untill subsequent molecular analysis failed to support this position and threw up results that were contraditory but without being conclusive.Further study eventually led to their assignment to the genus Neotinea.
The genus typically has two ellipsoidal tubers, very short spurs, perianth segments that form a loose helmet and propagation tends most usually to be via self pollination.
Etymology:
The genus Neotinea is named after an Italian botanist, Vincenzo Tineo (1791-1856), who was Director of Palermo botanical garden and later the Chancellor of Palermo University. His published works include 'Plantarum rariorum Sicilae' (1817) and 'Catalogus plantarum horti' (1827)
Distribution:
Macaronesia, Europe, Medit. to Caucasus.
Species:

Neotinea lactea (Poir.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase,  WC. & E. Medit.
Neotinea maculata (Desf.) Stearn Macaronesia, NW. Europe to Medit.
Neotinea tridentata (Scop.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase  C. & S. Europe to Caucasus.
Neotinea tridentata subsp. conica (Willd.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase  SW. France to NW. Africa.

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed 05/07/2020
Bibliography and References:
Bateman RM, Pridgeon AM, Chase MW. 1997 Phylogenetics of subtribe Orchidinae (Orchidoideae, Orchidaceae) based on nuclear ITS sequences: 2. Infrageneric relationships and reclassification to achieve monophyly of Orchis sensu stricto. Lindleyana 12. (3): 113-141 (1997)
Bateman RM. 1983 Neotinea maculata (dense flowered orchid). J. Orchid Soc. Gr. Brit. 32. (2): 38-39 (1983)
O'Mahony T. 1974 Neotinea intacta (Link) Reichb. Frat. in Co. Cork. Irish Nat. J. 18. (2): 48-49 (1974).
Quentin P. 2000 Proposition de revision des genres Orchis, Aceras, Anacamptis et Neotinea. Orchidophile 31. (143): 179-182 (2000)
Roberts J. 1993 British native orchids. Orchid Rev. 101. (1189): 15-16 (1993)
Sheppard R, Sheppard E. 1985 Neotinea maculata (Desf.) Stearn in County Donegal. Irish Nat. J., 21. (12): 534-535 (1985)
Tyteca D, Tyteca B. 1994 Orchidees de Madere. Orchidophile 25. (111): 62-66 (1994)