AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Stichorkis Thouars, Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 1: 318 (1822).
Synonyms:
Cestichis Thouars ex Pfitzer, Entwurf. Anordn. Orch.: 56 (1887).
Distichis Thouars ex Lindl., Veg. Kingd., ed. 2: 181 (1847), nom. nud.
Disticholiparis Marg. & Szlach., Orchidee (Hamburg) 55: 175 (2004), nom. superfl.
Description:
Genus Stichorkis, described by Aubert du Petit-Thouars (1809, explanation of taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus, SZLACHETKO et al. 2008), comprises over two hundred species. Tropical and subtropical areas of SE Asia, especially from the Greater and Lesser Sunda Archipelagos to New Guinea, are richest in these species.
The most characteristic features of the Stichorkis representatives are: erect, robust, 1-2(3) noded pseudobulbs, 1-2(3), conduplicate, non-membranaceous leaves, well separated from their bases by transversal scars (after a time falling off from the pseudobulb along the scar), usually well-developed, relatively big flower lips, lips being callus-shaped, middle-sized and often well-developed.
Distribution:
W. Indian Ocean, Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to SW. Pacific
Species:

Stichorkis distichis Thouars W. Indian Ocean

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed1/20/2010
Bibliography and References:
Kowalkowska A, Margonska HB. 2009 Diversity of labellar micromorphological structures in selected species of Malaxidinae (Orchidales). Acta Soc. Bot. Pol. 78. 141-150.