Nervilia pectinata P.J.Cribb, Kew Bull. 32: 153 (1977).

Erect terrestrial herb 5–14 cm tall, glabrous except for leaf, lip and subterranean parts. Tuber 7–10 × 7 mm, subspherical or ovoid. Leaf solitary, appearing after flowering (sometimes sterile specimens with fully developed leaves can be seen together with flowering specimens), horizontal but not prostrate, (1.5)2.9–5.0 × (1.9)3.5–5.5 cm, polygonal or star-shaped, the upper surface sparsely covered with short hairs (very occasionally glabrous), hairs absent fromthe main veins but following the small veins radially, dark green above, pale green or sometimes purple beneath; veins 5–7; petiole 2–6 cm long, sulcate with 1–2 sheathing cataphylls. Scape erect, terete, 1-flowered, with 2–3 sheathing cataphylls, lengthening to 9–19 cm when fruiting. Flowers more or less horizontal, fragrant with a camphor scent .Sepals and petals spreading, closing again after about 8 hours anthesis, subequal, lanceolate, acute, pale green lined with purple; lateral sepals slightly oblique, 10.5–22 × 3 mm; petals slightly shorter and 2 mm wide, lanceolate, acute. Lip spurred, 10–19(including spur) × 8.5–10 mm, elliptic, obscurely 3-lobed in middle, white with purple dots and yellow towards base, shortly papillate on inner surface, veins with no or very few anastomoses, margins pectinate in apical half; spur straight, short, rounded, 1.5–3 × 1.2 mm. Column almost straight, 4.5–6 mm, clavate, glabrous; pollinia 1.5–2 mm long.

Evergreen montane forest and cypress plantations 990–2220 m.

Tanzania to S. Trop. Africa