AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Vanilla cucullata Kraenzl. ex J.Braun & K.Schum., Mitt. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. 2: 161 (1889).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Vanilla africana subsp. cucullata (Kraenzl. ex J.Braun & K.Schum.) Szlach. & Olszewski, in Fl. Cameroun 34: 286 (1998).
Description:
Leaves oblong, acuminate, obliquely cordate at the base, shortly petiolate, 4–6 in. long, 1 1/4–2 1/4 in. broad. Rhachis of raceme rather stout, rarely branched at the base. Bracts squamiform, triangular. Flowers 1 in. long. Lateral sepals ovate, slightly oblique; dorsal oblong, rather shorter than the lateral. Petals very similar to the sepals. Lip ovate, nearly triangular, acute; disc with two linear lamellæ, one behind the other, hyaline and fimbriate at the apex, reflexed and appressed to the limb. Column curved, the basal third united to the lip.
Habitat:
Distribution:
Ivory Coast to Gabon