AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Habenaria section Replicatae Kraenzl. in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 16: 55, 74, 85 (1892).
Description:
Sepals all reflexed, the laterals oblique with a lateral apiculus; petals bilobed, the upper lobe erect and linear, the lower usually deflexed and hinged. Lip trilobed; spur usually with a spiral twist in the middle and an inflated apex. Flowers green or green and white with an unpleasant smell, particularly in the evening. Stigmatic arms usually slender with a truncate enlarged apex, projecting forwards.
The small flowers with hinged, motile petals and bad smell suggest pollination by flies, but presumably crepuscular flies. This is one of the largest sections, with over 20 species in Malawi, many growing in marshy areas.

Type species: Habenaria kilimanjari Rchb.f.
Species:

Habenaria altior Rendle E. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria anaphysema Rchb.f. Tanzania to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria antennifera A.Rich. Sudan to Yemen.
Habenaria burttii Summerh. C. Tanzania.
Habenaria cataphysema Rchb.f. S. Zaïre to Angola.
Habenaria chirensis Rchb.f. Nigeria to Ethiopia and Tanzania.
Habenaria compta Summerh. Angola to Zambia.
Habenaria diselloides Schltr. Tanzania to Malawi.
Habenaria disparilis Summerh. SW. Tanzania to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria falcata G.Will. Zambia.
Habenaria galpinii Bolus Zimbabwe to Northern Prov.
Habenaria genuflexa Rendle Trop. Africa.
Habenaria haareri Summerh. Tanzania (Kilimanjaro).
Habenaria hebes la Croix & P.J.Cribb Zambia.
Habenaria hirsutitrunci G.Will. Malawi to Zambia.
Habenaria huillensis Rchb.f. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria humilior Rchb.f. Ethiopia to S. Africa.
Habenaria ichneumonea (Sw.) Lindl. Trop. Africa to N. Botswana.
Habenaria inaequiloba Schltr. E. Trop. Africa
Habenaria isoantha Schltr. Tanzania.
Habenaria kilimanjari Rchb.f. Kenya to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria kyimbilae Schltr. Tanzania to S. Zaïre.
Habenaria lisowskii Szlach. Congo.
Habenaria macrostele Summerh. Rwanda to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria macrotidion Summerh. Zambia
Habenaria myodes Summerh. Uganda to Zimbabwe, Arabian Pen.
Habenaria myodes subsp. myodes Rwanda to Zimbabwe, Arabian Pen.
Habenaria myodes subsp. latipetala Summerh. SW. Uganda.
Habenaria nyikana Rchb.f. W. Tanzania to Africa.
Habenaria nyikana subsp. nyikana. S. Trop. & S. Africa.
Habenaria nyikana subsp. pubipetala Summerh. W. Tanzania.
Habenaria retinervis Summerh. Tanzania to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria riparia Renz & Grosvenor Malawi (Nyika Plateau).
Habenaria robusta Welw. ex Rchb.f. Angola.
Habenaria schimperiana Hochst. ex A.Rich. Trop. & S. Africa, Yemen.
Habenaria sochensis Rchb.f. Tanzania to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria stenophylla Summerh. Tanzania.
Habenaria stolzii Schltr. Tanzania.
Habenaria strangulans Summerh. S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria subaequalis Summerh. Zimbabwe.
Habenaria thomana Rchb.f. Gulf of Guinea Is., SW. Cameroon.
Habenaria thomsonii Rchb.f. Kenya.
Habenaria tortilis P.J.Cribb Tanzania to Zambia.
Habenaria tubifolia la Croix & P.J.Cribb N. Zambia.
Habenaria ugandensis Summerh. Uganda.
Habenaria unguilabris B.R.Adams Zimbabwe.
Habenaria vaginata A.Rich. Eritrea to Tanzania.
Habenaria vollesenii S.Thomas & P.J.Cribb S. Ethiopia.
Habenaria weberiana Schltr. Tanzania to S. Trop. Africa.
Habenaria welwitschii Rchb.f. Uganda to S. Trop. Africa.

 World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed 12/23/2009