AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Cynorkis Section Gibbosorchis H. Perr.
Description:

Rostellum entire with one part longer in front of the anther, divided and 3 lobed (2 arms and a median lobe), median lobe not inferior, supplementary; the arms to at least l mm long; median lobe obscurely ascending in front base of the lateral sepals and petals free or more or less joined basally; flowers generally large and brilliant, Labellum often 4 lobed (trilobed with the median lobe bifid).

Type species: Cynorkis gibbosa Ridl.

Section represented in Madagascar by 16 species of which 14 are endemic and 2 (C. purpurascens and C. fastigiata) are special to the Malagash region.
Keys to the groups:

1 Labellum entire, trilobed or with 5 lobes, the inferior lobes reduced, in the last case, to 2 obtuse teeth Group 1
1a Labellum with 4 lobes or trilobed with the median lobe bifid or bilobed Group 2

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed 12/24/2009