AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Schizochilus zeyheri Sond., Linnaea 19: 78 (1846).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Brachycorythis zeyheri (Sond.) Rchb.f., Flora 50: 117 (1867).
latanthera zeyheri (Sond.) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20(50): 12 (1895).
Gymnadenia zeyheri (Sond.) Kraenzl., Orchid. Gen. Sp. 1: 562 (1898).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Schizochilus rehmannii Rolfe in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(3): 92 (1912).
Schizochilus sandersonii Harv. ex Rolfe in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(3): 91 (1912).
Schizochilus strictus Rolfe in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(3): 91 (1912).
Schizochilus trilobus Rolfe in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(3): 91 (1912).
Schizochilus bolusii Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 95 (1921).
Schizochilus caffrus Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 94 (1921).
Schizochilus clavatus Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 96 (1921).
Schizochilus grandiflorus Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 100 (1921).
Schizochilus grandiflorus var. crenulatus Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 101 (1921).
Schizochilus huttonae Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 99 (1921).
Schizochilus rudatisii Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 95 (1921).
Schizochilus woodii Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 99 (1921).
Description:

A herb 15-45 cm. high; stem slender erect leafy; leaves crowded towards the base, ligulate acute spreading, 5-8 cm. long, passing into remote bracts; spike cylindrical many-fl., 5-10 cm. long, bracts herbaceous ovate acuminate shorter than the flowers; sepals ovate concave acute, about 7 mm long; petals lanceolate acute incurved, 4-5 mm, long; lip about as long as the sepals, rough with minute shining papillae, obovate in outline, deeply 3-fid, the segments oblong sub-equal or the intermediate a little broader, spur cylindrical or somewhat inflated, compressed dorsally, straight, about as long as the limb; ovary cylindrical straight, not twisted, more or less exceeding in length the spur.
Notes:

The colour of the flowers was bright yellow, the lip a deeper yellow, petals pale but not white.
Habitat:

In wet grasslands at elevations of sealevel to 2200 meters.
Distribution:

S. Africa

Images:
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Botanical Drawing / Herbarium
schizochilus zeyheri
Photograph copyright Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Image used with kind permission.