AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

A key to the subspecies of Schizochilus cecili

1a Spur less than 0.6 mm long; flowers white with a yellow lip subsp. transvaalensis
2a Spur more than 0.6 mm long; flowers yellow subsp. culveri
3a   subsp. cecilii

World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed 28/12/2014

Schizochilus cecilii Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1906: 168 (1906).
Description:
Plants 100-300 mm tall; leaves 6-15, lower 3-6 clustered at the base of the stem, linear to narrowly oblanceolate, acute, to 100 mm long, remainder scattered up the scape, lanceolate, grading into the bracts. Inflorescences dense, to 70 mm long and 40-flowered; bracts at least as long as the ovary. Flowers 2-3 mm in diameter, bright yellow or white. Sepals concave, 2-4 mm long; median elliptic to rotund, obtuse; laterals sub-obliquely lanceolate to ovate, subacute. Petals rhomboid-rotund to ovate, acute, curved over the anther, 1.3-3 mm long. Lip 3-3.6 x 1.5-1.8 mm, disc with 3 fleshy calli; midlobe c. 1 mm long; side lobes less than half as long, subacute; spur cylindrical, straight, 0.1-1 mm long.

A key to the subspecies of Schizochilus cecili

Habitat:
Distribution:
Zimbabwe to Swaziland

Images:
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Botanical Drawing / Herbarium
schizochilus cecilii
Photograph copyright Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Image used with kind permission.

Schizochilus cecilii subsp. transvaalensis (Rolfe) H.P.Linder, J. S. African Bot. 46: 395 (1980).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Schizochilus transvaalensis Rolfe in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5(3): 92 (1912).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Schizochilus tenellus Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 92 (1921).
Description:
The small non-resupinate flowers are mainly white. Some yellow is present in the flower centre and on the lower three tepals, the lateral petals and median sepal. The lateral sepals are broad, concave, obliquely ovate, up to 4 mm long. They do not spread, shielding the column on its sides. Below the column, the elliptic median sepal is positioned between the lateral petals and longer than them. These lateral petals are oblique to oblong with rounded tips, up to 3 mm long. The lip is inconspicuously three-lobed, shallowly concave over the column, the side-lobes smaller. At the back of the lip is a very short spur, less than 0,6 mm long.
Habitat:
Common in the grasslands on the escarpment mountains between Pilgrims Rest and Lydenburg in Mpumalanga and Northern Province. Flowering in December and January. The plants grow in well-drained, often shallow soil over rock.
Distribution:
Northern Prov.
References:
Orchids of South Africa: A Field Guide of Steve Johnson; Seed morphology in Southern African Orchidoideae (Orchidaceae) H. Kurzweil, Plant Systematics and Evolution, Vol. 185, No. 3/4 (1993)
Images:
Click on each image to see a larger version.

Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
Schizochilus cecilii subsp. transvaalensis 01  Schizochilus cecilii subsp. transvaalensis 02  Schizochilus cecilii subsp. transvaalensis 03  Schizochilus cecilii subsp. transvaalensis 04 
Photograph© Warren
McCleland. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Warren
McCleland. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Warren
McCleland. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Warren
McCleland. Image used
with kind permission. 




















Schizochilus cecilii subsp. culveri (Schltr.) H.P.Linder, J. S. African Bot. 46: 395 (1980).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Schizochilus culveri Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 90 (1921).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Schizochilus galpinii Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 38(2): 92 (1921).
Description:
Flowers yellow; sepals 2.5-3.5 mm long; spur 0.8-1 mm long.
Habitat:
This subspecies is known from the mountains between Barberton (Mpumalanga) and Mbabane (Swaziland), where it is relatively rare on rock ledges in the grassland. Flowering in December and January.
Distribution:
Mpumalanga, Swaziland

Images:
Click on each image to see a larger version.

 

Botanical Drawing / Herbarium
 schizochilus cecilii subsp. culveri
Photograph copyright Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Image used with kind permission.

Schizochilus crenulatus H.P.Linder, J. S. African Bot. 46: 422 (1980).
Description:
Plants 100-350 mm tall; leaves 5-6, lower 2-4 clustered basally, linear, acute, c. 70 x 4 mm, remainder scattered on the scape and grading into the bracts. Inflorescences lax, nodding spikes, 30-150 mm long, 6-25-flowered; bracts half as long as the 6 mm long ovaries. Flowers 5 mm in diameter, white with mauve veins. Sepals subequal, 5-7 mm long; median galeate, narrowly oblong-ovate to oblong-ovate, acute; laterals suboblique, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, acute, often longer than the median. Petals subobliquely rhomboid, acute, curved over the anther. Lip 6-7 x 3-4 mm, disc with a ridge or filamentous crests; midlobe acute, 2 mm long; side lobes rounded or truncate, usually crenulate, 1 mm long; spur straight, sub clavate, 2-3 mm long.
Habitat:
Restricted to the grassland on the plateau at Graskop (Mpumalanga), where it grows along the margins of exposed bedrock. Flowering from December to February.
Distribution:
Mpumalanga