AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Holothrix burchellii (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 119 (1881).
Homotypic Synonyms:

Scopularia burchellii Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 304 (1835).
Description:

An erect herb, everywhere glabrous except the pubescent base of the scape, 15-50 cm. high; leaves 2, radical, appressed to the ground, orbicular or subreniform thick and very fleshy, 2-5 cm. long, very unequal: scape straight with 3-4 small ovate acuminate erect appressed bracts. Spike dense secund with dimorphous flowers, the lower fertile, passing into the upper aborted ones; 6-15 cm. long; sepals lanceolate acute 0,5 cm. long, the odd one ovate, petals oblong, 7 fid at the apex, or, in the sterile flowers, 7 partite, the segments longer than in the fertile; lip concave oblong 0,9 cm. long, multifid, the segments setaceous, spur cylindrical recurved obtuse nearly half as long as the lip. Pollinia clavate, the caudicles in the fertile flowers attached to a single transverse filiform gland; or in the sterile flowers sometimes or always on 2 distinct glands.
Habitat:
Distribution:

SW. & S. Cape Prov.

Images:
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Botanical Drawing / Herbarium
Holothrixburchellii
Photograph copyright Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Image used with kind permission.