AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Holothrix mundii Sond., Linnaea 19: 77 (1846).
Description:
An erect slender herb, 7-15 cm. high; tubers globose or ovoid, matted with fine hairs; leaves 2, radical, the lower broadly ovate or sub-rotund, the upper smaller ovate, both acute glabrous ciliolate; scape pilose with rather short brown hairs which are thinly placed above but more thickly below, 4-9-flowered, flowers minute, somewhat erect, turned in every direction; bract ovate cuspidate pilose, very much shorter than the ovary; sepals oblong obtuse glabrous, shorter than the petals; petals ovateoblong, obtusely pointed, shorter than the lip; lip nearly orbicular in outline, or " cuneate" (Sonder), cleft into five nearly equal segments of which the intermediate one is spathulate, the tipper pair bilobed, all somewhat obtuse, with a short straight conical spur at base; ovary glabrous straight, or "twisted" (Sonder) The petals are pure white. The glabrous leaves are somewhat unusual in the genus. The flowers apparently vary in size; about 5 mm. long.
Etymology:
Johannes L. L. Mund (1791-1831), Prussian pharmacist, botanist and plant collector in South Africa.
Habitat:
In grasslands at elevations of near sea level to 900 meters.
Flower Date:
September to November
Distribution:
SW. & S. Cape Prov.
References:
The Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Schelpe, Linderand Hall 1982; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999
Images:
Click on each image to see a larger version.

Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
Holothrix mundii, 01
 
Holothrix mundii, 02
 
 Holothrix mundii, 03 Holothrix mundii, 04
 
Holothrix mundii, 05
 
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Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.