AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Holothrix scopularia Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 119 (1881).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Scopularia secunda Lindl., Companion Bot. Mag. 2: 207 (1837).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Holothrix multisecta Bolus, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 25: 170 (1889).
Description:
An erect herb, except the petals hirsute with spreading- pilose hairs, 20-35 cm. high; leaves 1-2, radical, appressed to the ground, 1, 5-3,5 cm. long; scape nude, rather stout for the genus, subflexuous, rarely straight; spike subsecund, densely many flowered; bracts ovate-lanceolate, acute long ciliate; sepals ovate-lanceolate acuminate 0,4-0,5 cm. long; petals erect, oblong below, trifid at the apex, the laciniie linear, 0-7-1 cm. long; lip in outline cuneate multifid, segments similar to each other and subequal, spur cylindrical obtuse recurved at the apex, one-third of the length of the lip; pollinia clavate, the caudicles attached to one filiform transverse gland. Petals and lip white-greenish at base; sepals and bracts reddish at the tip, green below.
Etymology:
The specific name, scopularia, may either refer to the flower resemblance to small brushes, then derived from the Latin word scopulinus that means bearing small brushes, or it may refer to the plant's rocky habitat, in which case the name would have been derived from the Latin scopulosus (rocky).
Habitat:
Is found on exposed, often rocky, grassland at higher altitudes in the Eastern Cape of South Africa in the Drakensberg Mountains.
Distribution:
S. Africa
References:
Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008; Flora Capensis, Vol 5, Part 3, page 3, (1913) Author: (By R. A. ROLFE.); Revision der Gattung Holothrix R. Schlechter, Österreichische Botanische Zeitschrift, Vol. 48, No. 11 (November 1898), pp. 413-416; Icones orchidearum austro-africanarum extra-tropicarum: [v.2]: Page 275
Images:
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Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
Holothrix schophularia, 01 Holothrix scopularia, 02
 
Holothrix scopularia, 03
 
 Holothrix scopularia, 04 Holothrix scopularia, 05
 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.