AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Brachycorythis pumilio (Lindl.) Rchb.f., Flora 65: 531 (1882).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Penthea pumilio Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 138 (1862).
Disa pumilio (Lindl.) T.Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 105 (1894).
Schwartzkopffia pumilio (Lindl.) Schltr., Orchideen: 63 (1914).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Schwartzkopffia buettneriana Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 28: 177 (1900).
Brachycorythis rosea A.Chev. ex Summerh. in J.Hutchinson & J.M.Dalziel, Fl. W. Trop. Afr. 2: 405 (1936), pro syn.
Description:
Terrestrial saprophytic herb 3-9 cm tall; roots thick, to 2,5 cm long, 0,5 cm Ø; stem glabrous, covered with overlapping acute sheaths to 3 cm long; flowers 1-3, subcapitate, 2 cm long, lilac; pedicel and ovary 2-3 cm long; bracts 2,5-3 cm long; sepals oblong-lanceolate, 11-17x3-7 mm; petals obliquely oblong-lanceolate, 9-13x3-6 mm; lip 13-17x9-14 mm, shallowly saccate at base, apex equally 3-lobed, with prominent midrib.
Habitat:
Primary evergreen forest in undergrowth in leaf litter, on well drained soil; mesophilous forest; savanna.
Distribution:
W. Trop. Africa
References:
Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques & South African National Biodiversity Institute
Images:
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Habitat/In situ
brachycorythis pumilio
Photograph Karl Senghas©
Swiss Orchid Foundation at
the Herbarium Jany Renz
Image used with kind
permission.