AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Benthamia cinnabarina (Rolfe) H.Perrier, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 81: 38 (1934).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Habenaria cinnabarina Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1893: 173 (1893).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Benthamia flavida Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 302 (1916).
Benthamia perrieri Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 34(2): 302 (1916).
Description:
Plants terrestrial, 15-35 cm tall, tubers numerous, oblong; stem bearing 4-5 leaves near the center, then above several sheaths becoming more and more reduced with height. Leaves linear or lanceolate linear (6-12 cm x 6-12 mm), acute. Inflorescence 5-6 cm tall, many flowered, but less dense, in an interrupted spirale; bracts narrow, lanceolate-linear ordinarily longer than the pedicel; flowers small (4 mm without the pedicel). Sepals narrowly oblong (4 x 1.1 mm), obtuse, 3 veined the laterals slightly narrower. Petals of the same length. wider (1.5 mm), thick and opaque in the apical half. Labellum oblong, trilobed in the apical half, lateral lobes very obtuse, generally two-thirds the length of the median which is wider; spur scrotiform, slightly compressed, wider than tall (0.8 mm). Anther shortly apiculate, staminodes widely spatulate, shorter than the anther. Rostellum with its median tooth obtuse, very projecting. Pedicel 5-6 mm long
Habitat:
Is humid places, peat bogs, from 1500-2200 m alt.
Flowering:
February-May.
Distribution:
C. Madagascar
References:
Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1939; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Hermans 2009
Images:
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Habitat/In situ 
benthamia cinnabarina 
Photograph ©Gilles
Grunenwald. Image used
with kind permission