AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Satyrium neglectum Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20(50): 15 (1895).
Description:
A terrestrial herb 2-10 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots; tubers ellipsoid or fusiform-ellipsoid, 1.5-3 cm. long, 6-10 mm. in diameter, tomentose; roots slender, flexuous, sparsely pubescent. Sterile stem up to 10 cm. long, 2-5-leaved; lowest 1-2 leaves short, sheath-like, ± obtuse, the upper 1-3 lanceolate to elliptical-oblong, acute, up to 12-27 cm. long and 2.5-6.5 cm. broad. Fertile stem erect, slender to rather stout, terete, with sheathing leaves covering most of it; sheaths 6-12, lanceolate, acute, up to 4-13 cm. long and 1-2.5 cm. broad, decreasing in size upwards. Inflorescence cylindrical, 5-25 cm. long, 2-3 cm. in diameter, densely many-flowered ; bracts soon becoming reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1-3 cm. long. Flowers curved outwards, pink or more rarely yellowish-white or white; pedicel with ovary curved, 8-11 mm. long. Sepals and petals deflexed, united to one another and to the lip in their basal third or fourth; intermediate sepal oblong-elliptical, rounded, 5-8 mm. long, 1.5-2 mm. broad; laterals obliquely elliptical-oblong, obtuse, 6-8.5 mm. long, ± 2.5 mm. broad. Petals similar to the intermediate sepal but oblique; all tepals 3-veined. Lip very convex and hooded, the apex shortly recurved, 5-9.5 mm. long, 5-6.5 mm. broad when spread out; spurs parallel to the ovary, slender, 6-17 mm. long, scarcely 1.5 mm. in diameter at the base. Column erect, 4.5-7 mm. long, the slender stalk longer than the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, semi-orbicular, 1-1.5 mm. high, ± 2 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, tooth-like, the middle lobe much longer, spoon-shaped or orbicular with a narrow base.
Habitat:
Satyrium neglectum usually found scattered in small colonies in moist grassland from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to Tanzania.
Phenology:
Flowering is from January to February.
Cultivation:
As given for the genus.
Distribution:
Tanzania to S. Africa
References:
Flora of Tropical East Africa Summerhayes Orchidaceae Part 1 1968; African Orchids: XXX V. S. Summerhayes, Kew Bulletin, Vol. 20, No. 2 (1966), pp. 165-199; Flora Zambesiaca 11 part:1 (1995) Orchidaceae by I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb
Images:
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Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ
Satyrium neglectum, 01 Satyrium neglectum, 02 Satyrium neglectum, 03 Satyrium neglectum, 04 Satyrium neglectum, 05 Satyrium neglectum, 06
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.