Satyrium neglectum Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20(50): 15 (1895).
A terrestrial herb 2-10 dm. high, glabrous except for the roots; tubers ellipsoid or fusiform-ellipsoid, 1.5-3 cm. long, 6-10 mm. in diameter, tomentose; roots slender, flexuous, sparsely pubescent. Sterile stem up to 10 cm. long, 2-5-leaved; lowest 1-2 leaves short, sheath-like, ± obtuse, the upper 1-3 lanceolate to elliptical-oblong, acute, up to 12-27 cm. long and 2.5-6.5 cm. broad. Fertile stem erect, slender to rather stout, terete, with sheathing leaves covering most of it; sheaths 6-12, lanceolate, acute, up to 4-13 cm. long and 1-2.5 cm. broad, decreasing in size upwards. Inflorescence cylindrical, 5-25 cm. long, 2-3 cm. in diameter, densely many-flowered ; bracts soon becoming reflexed, lanceolate, acute, 1-3 cm. long. Flowers curved outwards, pink or more rarely yellowish-white or white; pedicel with ovary curved, 8-11 mm. long. Sepals and petals deflexed, united to one another and to the lip in their basal third or fourth; intermediate sepal oblong-elliptical, rounded, 5-8 mm. long, 1.5-2 mm. broad; laterals obliquely elliptical-oblong, obtuse, 6-8.5 mm. long, ± 2.5 mm. broad. Petals similar to the intermediate sepal but oblique; all tepals 3-veined. Lip very convex and hooded, the apex shortly recurved, 5-9.5 mm. long, 5-6.5 mm. broad when spread out; spurs parallel to the ovary, slender, 6-17 mm. long, scarcely 1.5 mm. in diameter at the base. Column erect, 4.5-7 mm. long, the slender stalk longer than the fertile part; anther-loculi pendent, ellipsoid; stigma erect, semi-orbicular, 1-1.5 mm. high, ± 2 mm. broad, rostellum porrect, 3-lobed, the side lobes short, tooth-like, the middle lobe much longer, spoon-shaped or orbicular with a narrow base.
Satyrium neglectum usually found scattered in small colonies in moist grassland from the Eastern Cape of South Africa to Tanzania.
Flowering is from January to February.
As given for the genus.
Tanzania to S. Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa Summerhayes Orchidaceae Part 1 1968; African Orchids: XXX V. S. Summerhayes, Kew Bulletin, Vol. 20, No. 2 (1966), pp. 165-199; Flora Zambesiaca 11 part:1 (1995) Orchidaceae by I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb
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