AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Satyrium subgen. Satyrium
Description:

Slender to stout terrestrial herbs; leaves cauline, or basal and then adpressed to the ground. Bracts most commonly deflexed, rarely spreading or erect, rarely dry and membranous. Petals entire, sometimes with fimbriate margins; lip deeply or shallowly galeate, with broad or very narrow entrance, apical flap short or elongate, spurs mostly slender-filiform and longer than the ovary; viscidia 2, subterminal or lateral, in S. rhynchanthum solitary and terminal; stigma flap-like or in S. rhynchanthum pad-hike; rostellum weakly 3-lobed or unlobed, often with straight or recurved terminal lobe (= appendix).
Species:

Satyrium × rhodanthum Schltr. S. KwaZulu-Natal.
Satyrium acuminatum Lindl. S. & SE. Cape Prov.
Satyrium bicorne (L.) Thunb. SW. Cape Prov.
Satyrium carneum (Dryand.) Sims SW. Cape Prov.
Satyrium coriifolium Sw. Malawi to S. Africa.
Satyrium hallackii Bolus Malawi to S. Africa.
Satyrium hallackii subsp. ballii (van der Niet & P.J.Cribb) van der Niet & P.J.Cribb Zimbabwe(Chimanimani Mts.).
Satyrium hallackii subsp. hallackii Cape Prov.
Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum (Bolus) A.V.Hall Malawi to S. Africa.
Satyrium ligulatum Lindl. S. Africa.
Satyrium longicauda Lindl. Tanzania to S. Africa.
Satyrium longicauda var. jacottetianum (Kraenzl.) A.V.Hall S. Africa.
Satyrium longicauda var. longicauda Tanzania to S. Africa.
Satyrium lupulinum Lindl. SW. & S. Cape Prov.
Satyrium membranaceum Sw. Sw. S. & E. Cape Prov.
Satyrium neglectum Schltr. Tanzania to S. Africa.
Satyrium neglectum subsp. neglectum. Tanzania to S. Africa.
Satyrium neglectum subsp. woodii (Schltr.) A.V.Hall E. Cape Prov. to KwaZulu-Natal.
Satyrium neglectum var. brevicalcar Summerh. Tanzania to Zambia.
Satyrium odorum Sond. SW. Cape Prov.
Satyrium outeniquense Schltr. S. Cape Prov.
Satyrium parviflorum Sw. S. Africa.
Satyrium princeps Bolus S. Cape Prov.
Satyrium rhynchanthum Bolus SW. Cape Prov.
Satyrium rupestre Schltr. S. Cape Prov.
Satyrium stenopetalum Lindl. SW. & S. Cape Prov.
Satyrium stenopetalum subsp. brevicalcaratum (Bolus) A.V.Hall SW. Cape Prov.
Satyrium stenopetalum subsp. stenopetalum SW. & S. Cape Prov.

World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/ accessed 1/17/2010