AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum (Bolus) A.V.Hall, Contr. Bolus Herb. 10: 54 (1982).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Satyrium ocellatum Bolus, Icon. Orchid. Austro-Afric. 1(1): t. 23 (1893).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Satyrium nutans Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 24: 507 (1898).
Description:
Robust terrestrial herb 50–100 cm high. Stem leafy with 8–10 leaves, the lowermost sheathing, the next 2–4 leaves large, up to 28 × 7.5 cm, broadly lanceolate and borne near the stem base, the upper leaves decreasing in size and becoming bract-like. Inflorescence 10–24 × 4–5 cm, fairly densely many-flowered. Flowers white, sometimes flushed with pink, occasionally mauve-pink. Ovary and pedicel 10–14 mm long; bracts up to 25 mm long at base of inflorescence, reflexed, sometimes slightly pubescent. Sepals and petals projecting forwards, joined to each other and lip for almost half their length. Sepals 10–15 × 1–3 mm, oblong, rounded, the lateral sepals oblique and wider than the dorsal sepals; petals slightly shorter and c. 1 mm wide. Lip 8–13 mm long with a prominent dorsal crest, very convex and hooded, wide-mouthed, with the apex reflexed for c. 1 mm. Spurs 19–50(65) mm long, slender, tapering. Column c. 5 mm high.
Habitat:
It is chiefly a plant of higher altitudes, ranging from 610 m at Camperdown in Natal to over 2 100 m, most being from about 1000 to 1600 m.
Phenology:
Flowering of Satyrium hallackii ssp. ocellatum takes place in the summer months, mostly from December to February, rarely in November or in March.
Distribution:
Malawi to S. Africa
References:
La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1); La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam; Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16; A revision of the southern African species of Satyrium. [A V Hall; Edmund A C L E Schelpe; Nicola C Anthony]1982
Images:
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Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 01 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 02 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 03 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 04 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 05 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 06 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 07 Satyrium hallackii subsp. ocellatum 08
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.