AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Satyrium cristatum var. longilabiatum A.V.Hall, Contr. Bolus Herb. 10: 94 (1982).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Satyrium ivantalae Rchb.f., Flora 48: 183 (1865).
Description:
Erect, hairless, up to 50 cm high, usually less. Basal leaves two, overlapping one another, erect-spreading, up to 15 cm long x 5 cm wide. Stem leaves few, sheathing. Raceme up to 15 cm long, compact, many-flowered; middle bracts c 1,5 cm long, sharp-pointed, turned downwards, basal bracts much larger. Perianth segments all c 8 mm long; back petal hooded with small erect tip, spurs shorter than ovary. Perianth varies much in colour, usually shade of pink, sometimes white with purplish stripes; bracts may also be pink.
Habitat:
The altitude range is mostly between 1000 and 2000 metres, with an outlying low-altitude enclave in the moist coastal hills near Port St. Johns. It favours marshy grassland areas.
Phenology:
Flowering of Satyrium cristatum var. longilabiatum appears to take place mostly slightly earlier than var. cristatum, with a peak in January rather than February or March.
Distribution:
The distribution follows the chief centres of the range of var. cristatum, being sympatric but less common than it in most areas. It is absent in the Eastern Cape uplands and in the Orange Free State and western parts of Lesotho and the Transvaal.
References:
A revision of the southern African species of Satyrium. [A V Hall; Edmund A C L E Schelpe; Nicola C Anthony] 1982
Images:
Click on each image to see a larger version.

In culture In culture In culture
Satyrium cristatum var. longilabiatum 01 Satyrium cristatum var. longilabiatum 02 Satyrium cristatum var. longilabiatum 03
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.