AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Satyrium rhynchanthum Bolus, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 342 (1882).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Satyridium rostratum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 345 (1838).
Description:
An erect glabrous herb, 15-45 cm. high; stem straight, leafy towards the base, the upper part vaginate, the sheaths 3-6, closely appressed; leaves spreading or erect-spreading, oblong-lanceolate or lanceolate, acute, passing off gradually into the sheaths, 3-6 cm. long; spike oblong, rather lax, 2,5-12 cm. long; bracts reflexed, ovate or lanceolate, acute, shorter than the flowers; lateral sepals spreading, obliquely oblong, the odd one oblanceolate narrower, obtuse, 0,6 cm. long; petals like the odd sepal, reflexed, denticulate towards the raceme; lip galeate-concave, the mouth ovate, the apex beaked erect or projecting forward, keeled at the back, the spurs spreading inflated obtuse, half as long as the ovary; stipe of the column elongate erect-porrect; apex of the rostellum emarginate; anther pendent, the gland solitary; stigma transversely elliptical, twice as long as the rostellum: ovary 0,8-1 cm. long.
Habitat:
In fynbos, marsshes and on moist slopes at elevations of 300 to 1000 meters.
Phenology:
Flowering from November to December - after fire.
Distribution:
SW. Cape Prov.
References:
Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999; The Cape Orchids Vol 2 Liltved & Johnson 2012
Images:
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Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ
satyrium rhynchanthum satyrium rhynchanthum 02
Photograph Karl Senghas©
Swiss Orchid Foundation at
the Herbarium Jany Renz
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph Karl Senghas©
Swiss Orchid Foundation at
the Herbarium Jany Renz
Image used with kind
permission.