AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Disperis hildebrandtii Rchb.f., Otia Bot. Hamburg.: 73 (1878).
Descriptions:
Plants 10-20 cm tall: stem bare, with several sheaths basally, in the lower half, bearing above 3-4 rounded, embracing leaves, narrow (2.5-7 x 1-1.8 cm), rounded and embracing basally, alternate and very compressed; inflorescence several flowered, flowers very large. Hood wide and obtuse (8 x 12 mm), median sepal linear and 3 veined, petals semi-oval, very wide basally, very dilate on the external margin and very obtuse apically. Lateral sepals (10 x 5.5 mm) semi-oval, obtuse, 5 veined, the median projecting behind and with the median pouch wide and deep. Labellum abruptly cylindrical and narrow above the part joined to the column, enlarged in 3 very different appendages apically, the 2 laterals upright, thick, slightly recurved-lyrate apically, pubescent, provided on the internal surface with a channel with its margins ciliate, less acute and truncate apically, 1.8-2 mm long: median sessile, pendent from the front edge, very thick, in the form of a wide tail, arched-reflexed, flat basally, hollowed below, attenuate to a point apically, pubescent below and on the margins, covered above with very dense hairs, 5 mm long. Anther narrow (1.5 x 1 mm); cauda very thick and short, viscidiums discoidal, flat (0.6 mm in diameter) Rostellum large (2.2 x 1.5 mm), arms long (1.7 mm), bent and spatulate apically.
Habitat:
Quite frequent in the understorey of humid to semi-dry woodland and forest in the N-NE and Centre of Madagascar and on Mayotte, on laterite soils derived from gneiss or from basalt; 90-1400 m.
Phenology:
Flowering in December-January.
Cultivation:
As given for the genus, hot to cool growing terrestrial.
Distribution:
Comoros (Mayotte), N. Madagascar
References:
The genus Disperis (Orchidaceae) in Madagascar, the Comores, the Mascarenes and the Seychelles, ADANSONIA, sér. 3-2002 -24 (1) : 55-87; The Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb and Bosser 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Hermans 2009; A synopsis of the genus Disperis Sw. (Orchidaceae), ADANSONIA, sér. 3 - 2005 - 27 (2) : 155-207
Images:
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Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
disperis hildebradtii 07  disperis hildebradtii 08  disperis hildebradtii 09  disperis hildebradtii 10  disperis hildebradtii 05  disperis hildebradtii 11
 
disperis hildebradtii 01 
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission.
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne Vennetier
Image used with kind permission.