AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Disperis disiformis Schltr., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 35: 47 (1893).
Description:

A slender herb, 8-17 cm. high; stem weak, somewhat flexuous, puberulous towards the base, bearing one or two sheaths at the base, distantly bifoliate, l-3fl.; leaves spreading amplexicaul cordate-ovate acute glabrous, 2-3 cm. long; bracts leafy, spreading or erect-spreading, as long as or shorter than the ovary; lateral sepals spreading, obliquely ovate, acuminate, furnished about the middle with a short obtuse sac, 0,6 cm. long; odd sepal galeate, produced at the back into a conical hanging spur, 0,3 cm. long; petals shortly unguiculate, the blade obliquely broadly ovate, acuminate falcate-incurved at the apex, 0,6 cm. long; lip unguiculate, above the rostellum curved back into the spur of the galea, suddenly galeate-cucullate, at the base (of the lamina) somewhat hastate auriculate, inflexed at the apex acuminate, at the back produced into a gradually attenuated appendix thickened at the apex emarginate-excised, suddenly bent back into a narrow oblong obtuse ligule densely covered with elongate piliform papillae, the claw of the lip 0,3 cm. long, the lamina (allowing for the galea) with the process 0,4 cm, long (the auriculate base 0,3 cm. wide), the papillose process of the ligule 0,2 cm. long; the rostellum suborbicular in outline with the margins reflexed, very obtuse at the apex, the gland-bearing arms porrect somewhat twisted, very long for the size of the rostellum.
Habitat:

In grassland, scrub and forest patches in relatively dry areas and in Acacia scrub from 350 to 1000 m. Flowering mainly from July to October.
Distribution:

S. Africa