AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Corycium ingeanum E.G.H.Oliv., S. African J. Bot. 52: 256 (1986).
Description:
Plants subrobust, up to 200 mm tall; leaves c. 7, erect-spreading, lanceolate, 25-100 x 14-21 mm, upper leaves smaller. Inflorescences subdense, 23-33-flowered; bracts broadly ovate. Flowers greenish yellow, sepals turning membranous-brown, petals tipped reddish to black, lip bright green. Median sepal oblong from a narrow base, emarginate, involute, c. 9 x 4 mm; lateral sepals fused, apices free, subsaccate, c. 6 mm long. Petals forming a broadly ovate, open mouth to the flower, pouched posteriorly, c. 10 x 8 mm. Lip unguiculate, 3 mm long, with 2 spreading lobes apically, sometimes with a very small third lobe between them; appendage shield-like, 5-6 mm long, with 2 subulate lobes arching backwards.
Habitat:
Known only from the Nieuwoudtville area of the Northern Cape; growing in sandy or loamy soil in open ground between small karroid shrubs, often along road verges. Flowering in September.
Distribution:
Cape Prov. (Bokkeveld Plateau)

Corycium alticola Parkman & Schelpe, Contr. Bolus Herb. 10: 157 (1982).
Description:
Plants robust, to c. 400 mm tall, black when dried; leaves suberect, spreading, lanceolate, acuminate, 55-200 x 28 mm. Inflorescences dense, numerous-flowered; bracts overtopping flowers, lanceolate, acuminate, to c. 28 x 10 mm. Flowers c. 20 x 7-10 mm, sepals white turning black, petals pale green, lip pale maroon. Median sepal broadly ovate, subacute to obtuse, 8 x 4-6 mm; lateral sepals deflexed, concave, suborbicu-lar, connate to half their length, 6-8 x 4-5 mm. Petals broadly lanceolate, falcate, as long as the median sepal. Lip rotund-oblong, emarginate, 5-6 x 4-5 mm; appendage shield-like, c. 5 mm tall, with 2 deltate, divaricate, acute apical lobes 8 mm long.
Habitat:
Very local in KwaZulu-Natal, the Eastern Cape and Lesotho, known from only a few localities; in damp grassland from 1950 to 2400 m. Flowering in February.
Distribution:
S. Africa

Images:
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Image Flower Details Habitat/ In Situ Habitat/ In Situ
corycium alticola naudes nek 2feb07 113 corycium alticola naudes nek 8feb08 041 corycium alticola naudes nek 2feb07 114 corycium alticola naudess nek 19jan11 100
Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission

Corycium bifidum Sond., Linnaea 19: 111 (1846).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Pterygodium bifidum (Sond.) Schltr., Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 865 (1898).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Corycium ligulatum Rchb.f., Linnaea 19: 375 (1846).
Description:
Plant 1/2–1 1/2 ft. high; leaves distichous, narrow and long-acuminate from a broad sheathing base, 4 lin. long, the upper shorter and sheath-like; scapes 1/2–1 1/2 ft. high; spikes cylindric, 4 lin. long, very dense, many-flowered; bracts ovate, acute, shorter than the flower; pedicels about 3 lin. long; flowers rather small, white; dorsal sepal elliptic-oblong, with obtuse incurved apex, 2 1/4 lin. long; lateral sepals united to the middle into a broadly suborbicular concave limb, 2 1/2 lin. long, lobes obtuse; petals obliquely ovate, very obtuse, conduplicately folded, saccate at the base, 2 1/2 lin. long; lip broadly unguiculate; limb reflexed, ovate-oblong, obtuse, 1 1/2 lin. long; appendage pandurate, with suborbicular minutely crenulate limb, 1 3/4 lin. long; column short; arms of the rostellum oblong, obtuse, incurved, 1 1/4 lin. long.
Habitat:
Distribution:
SW. Cape Prov.

Corycium bicolorum (Thunb.) Sw., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 21: 222 (1800).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Ophrys bicolor Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 2 (1794).
Pterygodium bicolorum (Thunb.) Schltr., Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 851 (1898).
Heterotypic Synonyms:

Pterygodium mundii Schltr., Ann. Transvaal Mus. 10: 251 (1924).
Description:

A glabrous, often robust, herb, 15-38 cm. high; stem erect, leafy below; leaves 6-8, linear-lanceolate acuminate nerved. sometimes waved, 5-15 cm. long; spike cylindrical densely many-fl.,1,8-2,2 cm. in diameter, bracts shorter than the flowers, flowers about 4 mm, long; side sepals anticous, connate into an ovate-rotundate emarginate spreading piece; odd sepal linearoblong obtuse; petals obliquely semi-sack-shaped, falcately acute; limb of the lip small obovate emarginate, sessile on the keel of the appendage, appendage fleshy, rising free from the column on a straight erect keel, then dilated above ovate in outline and somewhat cowl-shaped, convex above, obtuse and eared at base; cells of the anther anticous erect; stigmas 2, situate in front on each side on the apices of a horse-shoe-shaped cushion.
Notes:

Colour of the flowers clear sulphur-yellow.
Habitat:
Distribution:

SW. Cape Prov.

Images:
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Image Flower Details
corycium bicolorum corycium bicolorum close
Photograph copyright P.Linder Image used with kind permission. Photograph copyright P.Linder Image used with kind permission.

Corycium carnosum (Lindl.) Rolfe in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 5: 111 (1913).
Homotypic Synonyms:

Pterygodium carnosum Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 367 (1839).
Heterotypic Synonyms:

Pterygodium patersoniae Schltr., Ann. Transvaal Mus. 10: 250 (1924).
Description:

An erect glabrous herb, black when dried, 15-35 cm. high; stem slender, straight or subflexuous, leafy; leaves erect, lanceolate or linear, acuminate, 5-15 cm. long ; spike oblong or cylindrical, densely many-flowered, the flowers erect; bracts herbaceous, ovate or lanceolate, acute or acuminate, exceeding the ovary; lateral sepals ascending, obliquely ovate-oblong, subacute or acuminate, 0,6 cm. long; odd sepal erect lanceolate subacute, as long as the lateral ones; petals erect, strongly concave, semi-orbicular, shortly acuminate, as long as the odd sepal, the mouth of the galea 0,6-0,7 cm. wide; limb of the lip spreading convex unguiculate, the blade transversely semi-elliptical, very obtuse or emarginate at the apex, the appendix galeate, obtusely rostrate; stigmas two distant tuberculate; column furnished at the base at the back with thick hyaline hairs. The petals are a light or dark purplish colour, the limb of the lip nearly white.
Habitat:

In fynbos from near sea level to 1500 meters often in seepage areas.
Distribution:

SW. & S. Cape Prov.

Images:
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Image Flower Details Habitat/ In Situ Habitat/ In Situ Habitat/ In Situ Habitat/ In Situ
corycium carnosum elim 20nov05 026 corycium carnosum napier mt. 24oct06 079 corycium carnosum elim 20nov05 corycium carnosum napier mt. 01nov06 045 corycium carnosum napier mt. 24oct06 078 corycium carnosum napier mt. 22oct06 034
Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission Photograph copyright Cameron McMaster. Image used with kind permission