Brownleea galpinii Bolus, Icon. Orchid. Austro-Afric. 1: t. 42 (1893).
A glabrous herb 18-60 cm. high; stem erect terete, the base enclosed in a long acute sheath; leaves 3, cauline remote Iinear lanceolate acute 3-nerved, the lowest 10-13 cm. long, the upper gradually smaller; raceme very short subcapitate ovate or hemispherical, 8-12-fl., 1,8-3 cm. long, bracts leaflike lanceolate, shorter than the ovary; side sepals lanceolate acute, 6 mm, long; odd sepal (with the petals) galeate funnel-shaped, tapering upwards, obtuse, free at the apex and often recurved, as long as the side sepals, produced at base into a filiform spur about half the length of the ovary ; petals somewhat ovate, as long as the mouth of the galea, front margin waved and crisped, a rounded lobe near the base; lower part of the lip a half-ring closely clasping the base of the stigma, lamina free linear erect, about 1 mm, long; arms of the rostellum elongate parallel approximate. Flowers as " white, the petals purple spotted."
A key to the subspecies of Brownleea galpinii
In grasslands, streambanks and seepages at elevations of 1500 to 2250 meters.
The species is distinct by its petals and its very short raceme.
Zimbabwe to S. Africa
New Orchids: Decade XLVII Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew), Vol. 1920, No. 4 (1920), pp. 128-132; The evolution of floral nectaries in Disa (Orchidaceae: Disinae): recapitulation or diversifying innovation? Nina Hobbhahn, Annals of Botany, Vol. 112, No. 7 (November 2013), pp. 1303-1319; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11, Part 1, (1995) Author: I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb
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