AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Brownleea maculata P.J.Cribb, Kew Bull. 32: 147 (1977).
Description:
Terrestrial herb 15–35 cm tall, plants often somewhat flexuose; tubers densely villous. sheath fibrous, up to 10 cm long, acute, often absent. Leaves (2)3, shortly sheathing at the base; blades somewhat ascending, 11× 4 cm, lanceolate to narrowly ovate, acute to acuminate, the veins emergent. Inflorescence, lax, up to 10 cm long, several to many-flowered. Bracts, lanceolate to narrowly lanceolate, acuminate; the lowest bract up to 4.5 cm long, usually leaf-like, the remainder mostly less than 2 cm long. Flowers c. 8 mm in diameter, horizontal; sepals purplish mauve, petals white, lateral sepals and petals purple-spotted and striped. Dorsal sepal galeate; galea 6–7 mm tall, 2.5 mm wide and 1.5–2 mm deep, narrowly ovate,acute. Spur 6–8 mm long, arising from the base of the galea, cylindrical with a short conical base, soon sharply down-curved to recurved, apex subclavate. Lateral sepals spreading forwards, flat, 6–7 × 2–3 mm, oblique, narrowly elliptical, acute. Petals erect, 6 × 1.5–2 mm, obovate, subacute, with a basal anticous lobe flanking the stigma. Lip minute, erect2.8 × 0.5 mm. Rostellum 2.5 mm tall; lateral lobes tall, concave; staminodes large; anther 2 mm long, sharply up-curved from a horizontal base; stigma vertical. Ovary slender, 1–1.5 cm long.
Habitat:

In forest shade, often on old rotting tree-trunks, also on rocks and live trees above 1500 m
Distribution:

Malawi (Mt. Mulanje), Chimanimani Mts. of Zimbabwe and Mozambique