Neobathiea perrieri (Schltr.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 371 (1925).
Aeranthes perrieri Schltr., Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille, III, 1: 187 (1913).
Bathiea perrieri (Schltr.) Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 33(2): 440 (1915).
Small subacaulis plants; leaves 4-6 with their sheaths striate, 5-6 mm tall and with the limbus oblong spatulate (3.5-7 x 1-1.9 cm), undulate marginally; and wider medially or above. Inflorescence 6-12 cm long twice as long as the leaves: peduncle rigid (1-1.5 mm in diameter), one or two flowered, with 2-3 short, appressed (5 mm at most) sheaths, one-sixth to one-tenth the length of the internodes; bracts 3-4 mm long, acute: flowers (on a two flowered inflorescence) 1cm apart, white very large. Sepals lanceolate spatulate, narrowed basally, acute apically and 22 mm, long. Petals similar to the sepals and nearly as large. Labellum lanceolate-acute, somewhat simulating a halberd head marginally, retuse and cordate basally, trilobed near the apex, 2 cm long, very wide between the lateral lobes; lateral lobes diverging, oval and attenuate-subacute toward the apex. median lobe oval, attenuate-acute, twice as large as the laterals. Spur curved in front, then pendent, enlarged near the oriface, filiform generally 7-10 cm long. Column very short, auricles subtruncate, large and truncate apically; median lobe of the rostellum much larger than the auricles. Pedicel generally 25 mm long
Neobathiea perrieri grows epiphytically on bushes in dry forest in western Madagascar, to which it is indigenous. It has been collected on the banks of the Besafotra, a tributary of the Menavava,in the west. The natural habitat of this species suggests a distinct, severe dry season. In Madagascar, flowering occurs in January, during the rainy season.
This species can be potted if the mix is very airy-as with loose osmunda or sphagnum. Or mounted, on a 7 x 18 cm slab or ample. Light can be quite low and still produce flowers. Otherwise, all conditions are intermediate.
This is a rather different little species—a semi-"mini," which should do well grown under lights. The flowers have a unique, interesting form that is sure to please.
N. & NW. Madagascar
AOS Bulletin Vol 48 No 4 1979; AOS Bulletin Vol 52 No 12 1983; Cultivated Angraecoid Orchids Of Madagascar Hillerman & Holst 1986; Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1981; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; WCSP (2017). 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. 09.03-2017; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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