AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Lemurella culicifera (Rchb.f.) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 334 (1941).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Angraecum culiciferum Rchb.f., Flora 68: 538 (1885).
Oeonia culicifera (Rchb.f.) Finet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54(9): 60 (1907).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Angraecum ambongense Schltr., Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille, III, 1: 188 (1913).
Lemurella ambongensis (Schltr.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 367 (1925).
Beclardia humbertii H.Perrier, Notul. Syst. (Paris) 14: 160 (1951).
Description:
Plants with thin stems (3-4 mm in diameter), slightly compressed. curved or pendent, 2-20 cm long, heating 2-12 very variable leaves, variable in size and shape, obovate-oblong, oblong-lingulate oblanceolate-cuneiform, 2.5-10 cm long, 8-12 mm wide above the center, slightly emarginate apically, attenuate from this wide point to the contracted base, veins slightly projecting, except for the median, but with the transverse veins visible, covered with dull macules, consistent but irregularly arranged. Inflorescence very numerous, often grouped as in the previous species, not longer than the leaves or only slightly; peduncle short (12-20 mm ) and thin; cluster simple, very loose, 5-12 flowered; bracts scarious-thin, acute, equal to about a third the length of the pedicel flowers small and yellowish. Sepals lanceolate-acute (5 x 1.5 mm basally), 3 veined. Petals oblong-acute (3 x l mm) and 3 veined. Labellum short, embracing the column, trilobed and with 7 very visible veins; basal lobes very large, obtuse; median lobe trilobulate, the laterals rounded, much larger than the triangular median; spur straight, 4.5 mm long. Column wider than tall; auricles narrow, both angles obtuse hat with the superior more developed median tongue of the rostellum flat, truncate apically and much longer than the auricles. Anther widely notched in front, pollina with the cauda retracted; retinacles 2 free. Pedicel 4-5 mm long. Capsule elliptical (22-30 x 5-9 mm), obtuse at both ends, 6 angled, projecting and with the pedicel thin, 6-8 mm long.
Habitat:
From sealevel to 700 meters.
Cultivation:
As given for the genus, warm to cool growing epiphyte.
Distribution:
Comoros, W. & SW. Madagascar
References:
Flora of Madagascar Perrier 1981; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Herman 2009; WCSP (2017). 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. 10.03-2017; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
Images:
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lemurella culicifera 01 lemurella culicifera 02 lemurella culicifera 03 lemurella culicifera 04 lemurella culicifera 05 lemurella culicifera 06
Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission.

Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
lemurella culicifera 01  lemurella culicifera 02  lemurella culicifera 03  lemurella culicifera 04  lemurella culicifera 05  lemurella culicifera 06  lemurella culicifera 07 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.