AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Tridactyle anthomaniaca (Rchb.f.) Summerh., Kew Bull. 3: 284 (1948).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Listrostachys anthomaniaca Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 75 (1876).
Description:
Stems pendent, long, leafy, often branched; roots warty, 2-3 mm in diameter. Leaves distichous, 4-8 x 1-2 cm, linear to narrowly oblong, unequally and obtusely bilobed at the apex, rather fleshy, olive green, twisted at the base to face the same way. Inflorescences arising along the stem, 10-15 mm long, 2- to 4-flowered. Flowers dull orange or straw-colored. Pedicel and ovary 4 mm long, scaly; bracts brown, 1-2 mm lang. Sepals 5 x 2-3 mm, oblong, acute, the laterals some- what oblique. Petals 5 x 1 mm, lanceolate, acute. Lip 5-6 x 2 mm, entire, lanceolate, acute, with two fleshy auricles at the mouth of the spur; spur 10-15 mm long, slender, straight. Column 1-2 mm long; anther cap brown.
Habitat:
Epiphytic in high rainfall woodland and at the edge of evergreen forest, 640-1550 m.
Cultivation:
With its pendent habit, this species needs to be mounted on bark. It does well at intermediate temperatures in moderate shade, with plenty of water while actively growing, but less in the resting season.
Distribution:
Cameroon, Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda,Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
References:
Orchids of East Africa Piers 1968; The Orchids of South Central Africa Williamson 1977; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; African Orchids in the Wild and Cultivation La Croix 1997; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Part 2 Pope 1998; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006; World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed 21.03.2017
Images:
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         Habitat/In situ     Habitat/In situ
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Photograph©Bart Wursten. Image used with kind permission. Photograph©Bart Wursten. Image used with kind permission.