AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Cyrtorchis monteiroae (Rchb.f.) Schltr., Orchideen: 596 (1914).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Listrostachys monteiroae Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 76 (1876).
Homocolleticon monteiroae (Rchb.f.) Szlach. & Olszewski, in Fl. Cameroun 36: 728 (2001).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Angraecum antennatum Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 61 (1893).
Listrostachys droogmansiana De Wild., Belgique Colon. 8: 426 (1902).
Cyrtorchis droogmansiana (De Wild.) Schltr., Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 36(2): 130 (1918).
Description:
Does not look like other species of Cyrtorchis due to its long, pendent inflorescences. Stems woody, 30-80 cm long, becoming pendent, leafy towards the apex. Leaves 10-20 x 3-5 cm, elliptic to oblanceolate, the edges slightly undulate. Inflorescences arising along the stem, pendent, 18-32 cm long, 10- to 20-flowered. Flowers white, the spur tinged with brownish- orange. Pedicel and ovary 13-15 mm long; bracts 5-8 mm long. Sepals, petals and tip alliance late, acuminate; sepals 15-18 x 4.5-5.5 mm; petals 14-15 x 4-4.5 mm. Lip 14-15 x 5 mm; spur 3.5-4.5 cm long, somewhat incurved. Column 2 mm long.
Habitat:
Evergreen forests. Usually found near rivers or lakes, between 50 and 1,219 m elevation. Flowering peaks in September and October.
Cultivation:
As given for the genus, cool growing epiphyte.
Distribution:
W. Trop. Africa to Uganda and Angola
References:
Orchids of Central African Republic - A Provisional Checklist Cribb 1987; Flora of Tropical East Africa Orchidaceae Part 3 Cribb 1989; Orchids of Kenya Stewart & Campbell 1996; Field Guide to the Ethiopian Orchids Demissew, Cribb & Rassmussen 2004; Angraecoid Orchids Stewart, Hermans, Campbell 2006 ; WCSP (2017). 'World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. 25.02-2017; http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
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Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission. Photograph ©Leo Klemm. Image used with kind permission.