AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Oeceoclades sclerophylla (Rchb.f.) Garay & P.Taylor, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 24: 271 (1976).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia sclerophylla Rchb.f., Flora 68: 542 (1885).
Eulophidium sclerophyllum (Rchb.f.) Summerh., Bull. Jard. Bot. √Čtat 27: 402 (1957).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia elliotii Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29: 52 (1891).
Lissochilus elliotii (Rolfe) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 47 (1941).
Description:
Plants terrestrial, pseudobulbs narrow, distant (2-3 cm), the new bulb developing prior to the inflorescence, leaves very narrow (20-30 cm x 4-6 mm), acute, graminiform. Inflorescence thin and elongated; peduncle 3-4 times longer than the raceme, with 3-4 short, slightly visible sheaths; raceme loosely 9-12 flowered: bracts narrowly lanceolate-acute, 2 mm long, and flowers 22 mm long. Sepals oblanceolate-obtuse (8 x 2 mm), wider in the apical third, attenuate basally and with the median vein being the only one visible. Petals oblong-obtuse, of the same length but slightly wider and with 3 obvious veins. Labellum (8 x 4 mm) 4 lobed, the 4 lobes very obtuse or rounded apically and divericate, 2 large (2 mm) calluses forming a triangular-obtuse lamina basally, 17 veined, 4 branching in each of the lower lobes, 3 in the frontal lobes and 3 in the median lobe, the 2 laterals shortly bifurcated apically; spur 4 mm long, slightly enlarged at the obtuse apex, smaller basally. Column 3.6 mm long, attenuate basally. Rostellum with its median lobe shortly triangular-obtuse, the lateral lobes reduced to rounded teeth. Anther not known.
Habitat:
Distribution:
Comoros, SE. Madagascar