AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Oeceoclades quadriloba (Schltr.) Garay & P.Taylor, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 24: 269 (1976).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia quadriloba Schltr., Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille, III, 1: 176 (1913).
Eulophidium quadrilobum (Schltr.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 256 (1925).
Lissochilus quadrilobus (Schltr.) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 30 (1941).
Description:
Terrestrial herb, forming chains of pseudobulbs. Pseudobulbs 1.5–2 cm × 7–8 mm, narrowly conical, covered with sheaths when young, 2-leaved. Roots 2 mm in diameter.Leaves petiolate; petiole 2–3 cm long, articulated 8–12 mm above the apex of the pseudobulb; lamina 6–9 cm × 3–5 mm, narrowly linear, obtuse, tapering gradually into a petiole. Inflorescence 16–24 cm tall, simple or with 1–2 branches, several-flowered; scape with 2–3 bracts up to 2 cm long. Flowers yellow.Pedicel and ovary 10–14 mm long; bracts 2 mm long. Sepals and petals 3–4 × 2–2.5 mm, oblong, obtuse; lip 6.5–8 × 5–5.5 mm, 4-lobed, with 2 short triangular calli in the mouth of the spur; side lobes rounded, erect; anterior lobes reflexed, suborbicular to obliquely oblong, truncate, slightly divergent; spur 5–7 mm long, swollen at the apex. Column c. 2 mm long with a short foot.
Habitat
From sandy, tropical forest away from the sea at elevations of 100 to 500 meters.
Phenology:
Flowering in January.
Distribution:
S. Zimbabwe, Madagascar
References:
Flora of Madagascar: vascular plants: 49th family, Orchids / by H. Perrier de La Bathie; published under the auspices of the government of Madagascar and under the direction of H. Humbert; English revision and translation by Steven D. Beckman; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008; Orchids of Madagascar Hermans, Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Madagascar Cribb & Hermans 2009; Terrestrial African Orchids, A select Review John S. Ball 2009
Images:
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In culture In culture
Oeceoclades quadriloba 01 Oeceoclades quadriloba 02
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Lourens
Grobler. Image used
with kind permission.