AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Oeceoclades pandurata (Rolfe) Garay & P.Taylor, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 24: 268 (1976).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia pandurata Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 29: 52 (1891).
Lissochilus panduratus (Rolfe) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 29 (1941).
Eulophidium panduratum (Rolfe) Summerh., Bull. Jard. Bot. √Čtat 27: 399 (1957).
Description:
Plants terrestrial, 20-30 cm tall, with thick, fleshy, white roots; pseudobulbs narrowly fusiform, 7- 9 cm tall, with 2-3 persistent leaves the mast recent bulb more nr less developing simultaneously with the inflorescence. Leaves oval-lanceolate (3.5-8 x 1.5-2.5 cm), acute, articulate slightly above the base. Inflorescence thin, nearly twice as long as the pseudobulb and its leaves; peduncle 2-3 times longer than the raceme, bearing 3-4 short, distant sheaths; cluster 5-10 cm long, 10-15 flowered, flowers loosely arranged; bracts narrowly lanceolate, acute, 3 mm long flowers glabrous, generally 1 cm long. Sepals lanceolate-acute (8 x 2 mm), with no distinct veins. Petals similar to the sepals, but slightly wider. Labellum nearly obovate, 8 mm long, 6mm. wide medially, trilobed apically, provided basally with 3 papillous keels; lateral lobes obsolete and obtuse; median lobe sub orbicular (4 mm in diameter), undulate-pleated marginally; spur short (4 mm), sub cub cylindrical and obtuse. Column 5 mm long, back margin of the clinandrium thick and projecting (1 mm). Anther small (0.6 mm in diameter), heating a sub rectangular, thick, 1 mm tall appendage behind; pollina semi-oval, sessile with a wide retinacle tipped by a large arch at the stigma. Pedicel thin and 11-12 mm long.
Habitat:
Epiphyte or terrestrial (in stony areas); found in forest from 0-1500 m alt., flowering in December.
Distribution:
E. Zimbabwe, SW. Madagascar

Images:
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Botanical Drawing / Herbarium
Oeceocladespandurata
Photograph copyright Swiss Orchid Foundation at the Herbarium Jany Renz Image used with kind permission.