AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Oeceoclades lonchophylla (Rchb.f.) Garay & P.Taylor, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 24: 264 (1976).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia lonchophylla Rchb.f., Flora 68: 542 (1885).
Eulophidium lonchophyllum (Rchb.f.) Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 256 (1925).
Lissochilus lonchophyllus (Rchb.f.) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 26 (1941).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia tainioides Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 26: 339 (1899).
Eulophia dissimilis R.A.Dyer, Fl. Pl. Africa 27: t. 1066 (1949).
Eulophidium dissimile R.A.Dyer, Fl. Pl. Africa 27: t. 1066 (1949).
Eulophidium tainioides (Schltr.) Summerh., Bull. Jard. Bot. État 27: 403 (1957).
Description:
Terrestrial herb. Pseudobulbs 4–5 cm long, narrowly conical to ovoid, covered with lanceolate sheaths which disintegrate into soft, fibrous remains, 1-leafed.Leaf stiff, petiolate; petiole 6–19 cm long, grooved above the middle, articulated below the middle to a base 3–6 cm long; lamina 6.5–12 × 1.5–3.5 cm, ovate or oblong-lanceolate, acute, undulate or finely crenate on the margins, green. Inflorescences 1–2, erect, 30–47 cm long, simple or with 1–2 short branches, 20–30-flowered.Scape with 3–4 bracts. Pedicel and ovary slender, 1–2 cm long; bracts 1–2 mm long. Flowers rather small, green or yellowish-cream spotted with green, tinged with purple. Sepals spreading, 6–9 × 1.7–2.2 mm, oblong, acute. Petals 6–7 × 2–3 mm, oblong, obtuse, usually slightly shorter and wider than the sepals. Lip 7–8 mm long, 8–11 mm wide at the base, 3-lobed at about the middle; side lobes erect; mid-lobe 8–11 mm wide when flattened, emarginate or 2-lobed; disk with 2–3 keels; spur 4–5 mm long, conical, obtuse. Column 3–4 mm long, 2 mm wide.
Habitat:
In coastal forests at elevations of sealevel to 500 meters.
Distribution:
Tanzania to KwaZulu-Natal, Comoros
References:
Flora of mddagascar Perrier 1939/81; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982; Flora Zambesiaca Vol 11 Orchidaceae Part 2 Pope 1998; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999; Orchids of Madagascar Hermasn Du Puy, Cribb & Bosser 2007; Field Guide to the Orchids of Northern South Africa and Swaziland McMurty, Grobler, Grobler & Burns 2008
Images:
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Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
oeceoclades lonchophylla 01  oeceoclades lonchophylla 02  oeceoclades lonchophylla 03  oeceoclades lonchophylla 04  oeceoclades lonchophylla 05  oeceoclades lonchophylla 06 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.
Photograph© Etienne
Vennetier Image used
with kind permission.