AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Oeceoclades gracillima (Schltr.) Garay & P.Taylor, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 24: 262 (1976).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Eulophidium gracillimum Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 33: 255 (1925).
Lissochilus gracillimus (Schltr.) H.Perrier, in Fl. Madag. 49(2): 28 (1941).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Eulophia gracillima Schltr., Ann. Inst. Bot.-Géol. Colon. Marseille, III, 1: 170 (1913), nom. illeg.
Eulophidium roseovariegatum Senghas, Adansonia, n.s., 6: 561 (1966).
Oeceoclades roseovariegata (Senghas) Garay & P.Taylor, Bot. Mus. Leafl. 24: 270 (1976).
Description:
Plants generally 50 cm tall; pseudobulbs very compressed, ovoid (2.3 x 1 cm), bifoliate, the most recent bearing the inflorescence. Leaves oval-oblong, diverging and with their margins crisped-undulate; articulation with the sheath obsolete. Inflorescence paniculate, thin; peduncle slightly shorter than the loosely many flowered branches bracts lanceolate-accumulate, not more than one-quarter the length of the petiole; flowers small (1-1.2 cm long), brownish. Sepals narrow, oblong-lingulate, obtuse, 4 mm long, the laterals slightly arched. Petals oblong-obtuse, wider and slightly shorter (3 mm). Labellum (3 x 3 mm) widely flattened basally, trilobed to nearly the middle, lateral lobes obtuse, the median truncate, slightly longer, retuse apically; with 2 discoid calluses near the base: spur connical, subacute, 3.5 mm long. Column with a short nearly absent foot. Anther slightly gibbous behind. Pedicel generally 7 mm long.
Habitat:
Terrestrial; from shady, rocky limey or siliceous areas; flowering in March.
Distribution:
NW. Madagascar