AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Acrolophia ustulata (Bolus) Schltr. & Bolus, J. Bot. 32: 332 (1894).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Cymbidium ustulatum Bolus, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 20: 469 (1884).
Eulophia ustulata (Bolus) Bolus, Trans. S. African Philos. Soc. 5(1): 110 (1888).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Acrolophia parvula Schltr., Ann. Transvaal Mus. 10: 24 (1924).
Description:
A dwarf glabrous herb, 4-12 cm. high; tubers several cylindrical, thickened at the apex; stem erect straight leafy, 2-8 fl. At the apex, the flowers racemose; leaves ascending rigid, sheathing at base, linear-lanceolate acuminate many-nerved, 0,2-0,7 cm. long; bracts erect membranous, shorter or longer than the ovary; perianth-segments connivent fleshy; sepals lanceolate acute, the lateral subfalcate, 0,7-0,9 cm. long ; petals oblong, a little shorter than the sepals; lip ecalcarate, elliptic in outline, 0,7-0,9 cm. long, 3 1obed, the terminal lobe larger reflexed rotundate, densely papillose on the upper surface, the lateral lobes obtuse; column semi-terete, produced at base into an excavate chin; pollinia approximate elliptic; gland almost quadrate diaphanous. The flowers are resupinate, either dark maroon or rarely greenish-yellow. The lip is papillate except along the margins.
Habitat:
Near the coast in sand in fynbos at elevations of 120 to 390 meters.
Flower Date:
October to December.
Cultivation:
Cold growing terrestrial.
Distribution:
SW. Cape Prov.
References:
Flora Capensis, Vol 5, Part 3, page 3, (1913) Author: (By R. A. ROLFE.); Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe and Hall 1982; Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999
Images:
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Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ Habitat/In situ
Acrolophia ustulata 01 Acrolophia ustulata 02 Acrolophia ustulata 03 Acrolophia ustulata 04 Acrolophia ustulata 05 Acrolophia ustulata 06
Photograph© Hermanus
Botanical Society, Fernkloof.
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph© Hermanus
Botanical Society, Fernkloof.
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph© Hermanus
Botanical Society, Fernkloof.
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph© Hermanus
Botanical Society, Fernkloof.
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph© Hermanus
Botanical Society, Fernkloof.
Image used with kind
permission.
Photograph© Hermanus
Botanical Society, Fernkloof.
Image used with kind
permission.