AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Acrolophia lunata (Schltr.) Schltr. & Bolus, J. Bot. 32: 332 (1894).

Homotypic Synonyms:

Eulophia lunata Schltr., Verh. Bot. Vereins Prov. Brandenburg 35: 45 (1893).

Heterotypic Synonyms:

Limodorum barbatum Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 4 (1794), nom. illeg.

Acrolophia barbata H.P.Linder, J. S. African Bot. 54: 498 (1988).

Description:

An erect robust herb, up to 93 cm. high; stem straight or sub-flexuous, leafy at base, bearing flowers above the middle, flowers racemose spreading; leaves erect-spreading, sheathing at base, rigid linear-ensiform acuminate, margin obscurely serrulate, many-nerved, passing off into the sheaths of the scape, 15-80 cm. long; bracts spreading membranous, shorter or longer than the slender pedicels attaining 1,6 cm. in length; sepals spreading linear-lanceolate acute, 1,6 cm. long; petals oblong obtuse, as long as the sepals lip oblong-cuneate in outline, spurred at base, 1,8 cm. long, the spur obtuse, 3 1obed, the lateral lobes obtuse, the middle lobe larger, dilated towards the apex, almost truncate, crispulate on the margin, crested, the tubercles arranged in about seven lines; column oblong, a little dilated towards the apex, then acute, bilobed at base, the lobes inflexed; anther 2 horned, the horns diverging.

Habitat:

In fynbos in sand at elevations of sea-level to 750 meters.

Distribution:

S. Cape Prov.

Images:

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Image Flower Details   Habitat/ In Situ   Botanical Drawing / Herbarium