AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Acrolophia capensis (P.J.Bergius) Fourc., Trans. Roy. Soc. South Africa 21: 81 (1932).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Limodorum capense P.J.Bergius, Descr. Pl. Cap.: 347 (1767).
Serapias capensis (P.J.Bergius) L., Mant. Pl. 2: 293 (1771).
Satyrium capense (P.J.Bergius) Houtt., Handl. Pl.-Kruidk. 12: 502 (1780).
Eulophia barbata Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 720 (1826), nom. superfl.
Acrolophia barbata (Spreng.) Pfitzer, Entwurf Anordn. Orch.: 60 (1887), nom. superfl.
Graphorkis capensis (P.J.Bergius) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 662 (1891).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Satyrium triste L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 402 (1782).
Limodorum triste (L.f.) Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap.: 4 (1794).
Eulophia tristis (L.f.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3: 720 (1826).
Eulophia comosa Sond., Linnaea 19: 72 (1846).
Eulophia sphaerocarpa Sond., Linnaea 19: 74 (1846).
Acrolophia sphaerocarpa (Sond.) Pfitzer, Entwurf. Anordn. Orch.: 60 (1887).
Acrolophia tristis (L.f.) Pfitzer, Entwurf. Anordn. Orch.: 60 (1887).
Graphorkis comosa (Sond.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 662 (1891).
Graphorkis sphaerocarpa (Sond.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 662 (1891).
Graphorkis tristis (L.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 662 (1891).
Acrolophia comosa (Sond.) Schltr. & Bolus, J. Bot. 32: 330 (1894).
Description:
An erect robust glabrous herb, up to 60 cm. high; tubers several cylindrica ; stem straight, leafy at base, bearing flowers from above the middle, flowers paniculate, spreading or nodding; leaves erect-spreading rigid linear-ensiform complicate acuminate, sheathing at base, minutely serrulate, passing off into sheaths, 10-30 cm. long; bracts membranous, shorter or longer than the slender pedicels ; perianth-segments subconnivent or more rarely spreading; sepals linear-lanceolate acute, 1-1,2 cm. long; petals obtuse as long as the sepals; lip cuneate in outline, a little longer than the sepals, 3 1obed, the lateral lobes obtuse, the terminal larger, dilated towards the apex, truncate, crispulate on the margin, cristate on the upper surface, the tubercles arranged in about 7 lines, shortly spurred at base, the spur bilobed ; column oblong, dilated towards the apex, lobed on both sides at the base ; anther 2 horned, horns divergent obtuse; pollinia sessile on a hyaline gland; capsule ovoid, prominently 3 costate.
Habitat:
In fynbos and restio-veld and coastal scrub in sand at elevations of 100 to 1700 meters.
Distribution:
SW. & S. Cape Prov.
References:
An Introduction to the South African Orchids Schelpe 1966; Wild Orchids of Southern Africa Stewart, Linder, Schelpe & Hall 1982 Orchids of Southern Africa Linder & Kurzweil 1999.
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Cameron McMaster.

Image used with kind
permission
Photograph copyright
Cameron McMaster.

Image used with kind
permission
Photograph copyright
Cameron McMaster.

Image used with kind
permission
Photograph copyright
Cameron McMaster.

Image used with kind
permission
Photograph copyright
Cameron  McMaster. Image
used with kind
permission
Photograph copyright
Cameron  McMaster. Image
used with kind
permission