AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Epipactis veratrifolia Boiss. & Hohen. in P.E.Boissier, Diagn. Pl. Orient. 13: 11 (1854).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Limodorum veratrifolium (Boiss. & Hohen.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891), nom. illeg.
Arthrochilium veratrifolium (Boiss. & Hohen.) Szlach., Orchidee (Hamburg) 54: 588 (2003).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Epipactis amoena Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List: 7403 (1832), nom. inval.
Epipactis consimilis Wall. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 6: 126 (1890), nom. illeg.
Epipactis somaliensis Rolfe in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 189 (1897).
Epipactis abyssinica Pax, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 612 (1907).
Serapias somaliensis (Rolfe) A.A.Eaton, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 21: 67 (1908).
Helleborine consimilis Druce, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 547 (1909).
Helleborine somaliensis (Rolfe) Druce, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 547 (1909).
Amesia somaliensis (Rolfe) A.Nelson & J.F.Macbr., Bot. Gaz. 56: 473 (1913).
Epipactis handelii Schltr., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 57: 274 (1920).
Epipactis wallichii Schltr., Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 57: 275 (1920).
Arthrochilium handelii (Schltr.) Szlach., Orchidee (Hamburg) 54: 588 (2003).
Description:
Rootstock rhizomatous; stems 40-70cm leafy, tomentellous-pubescent. Leaves 1-5-3 x 3-20 cm, lanceolate-acuminate, with narrow, sheath-like base. Bracts leaf-like, each subtending much shorter flowers. Raceme 10-20 cm, with well-spaced flowers. Flowers 2-2-5 cm across, greenish-brown, campanulate. Sepals 6-8 x 12-5 mm, triangular to oblong-lanceolate, acute, pubescent, green. Petals 3-5m x 8-10 mm, triangular- lanceolate, acute, green with brownish-red margins especially around the base. Labellum about 12-16 mm, with a smaller ovate epichile and a larger ovate hypochile, green flushed with red-brown or whitish yellow mixing. Ovary narrow, green, extends to a narrow brown pedicel, tomentellous.
Habitat:
Salt marshes in tropical to subtropical regions. Fl. March-June.
Distribution:
Caucasus to Somalia and SC. China