AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Malaxis maclaudii (Finet) Summerh., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1934: 208 (1934).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Microstylis maclaudii Finet, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 54: 533 (1907).
Kornasia maclaudii (Finet) Szlach., Fragm. Florist. Geobot., Suppl. 3: 121 (1995).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Malaxis hirschbergii Summerh., Bot. Mus. Leafl. 14: 225 (1951).
Description:
Terrestrial herb to 15 cm tall, with creeping rhizome. Leaves 2–3; bases sheathing, petiolate up to 2 cm long; blade 5–7 × 2.5–3.5 cm, ovate or ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescence subumbellate, densely several-flowered. Flowers mauve or lilac, scented. Pedicel and ovary 8 mm long; bracts 4 mm long. Sepals 5–6 × 2 mm, ovate; petals 5 × 1.5–2.5 mm, the margins ciliolate. Lip 4–5 × 4.5–6 mm, flabellate, the margins fimbriate, with 2 longitudinal basal calli and 1 or more tooth-like projections in the centre. Column c. 1.5 mm long.
Habitat:
Swamp forest c. 1300 m.
Distribution:
W. Trop. Africa to Sudan and Zambia