AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Liparis bowkeri Harv., Thes. Cap. 2: 6 (1863).
Homotypic Synonyms:
Leptorkis bowkeri (Harv.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 671 (1891).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Liparis gerrardii Rchb.f., Flora 50: 118 (1867).
Leptorkis gerardii (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 669 (1891).
Liparis ruwenzoriensis Rolfe in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 20 (1897).
Liparis neglecta Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 561 (1915).
Liparis purseglovei Summerh., Kew Bull. 8: 132 (1953).
Description:
A terrestrial or sometimes epiphytic species, variable in size. Pseudobulbs to 7 x 1.5 cm, conical. Leaves two to five, usually deciduous, 6-12 x 3-6 cm, ovate, acute, ribbed, the edge often undulate, with a petiole to 7 cm long, but usually shorter. Inflorescences terminal, to 20 cm long, rather laxly 2- to 25-flowered. Flowers green, yellow-green, or occasionally yellow, turning orange as they age, the lip with a metallic gray line down the center. Pedicel and ovary 7-11 mm long; bracts 10-15 mm lang. Dorsal sepal erect, 10 x 2 mm, narrowly lanceolate; laterals 9 x 3 mm, obliquely elliptic, lying side by side below the lip, but not joined. Petals 11 x 0.5 mm, linear, fleshy, deflexed or spreading. Lip deflexed, 6 x 6 mm, orbicular, with a small, slightly bifid, callus near the base. Column 3-4 mm long, bent over at almost a right angle.
Habitat:
Evergreen forest and high rainfall woodland, in fairly heavy shade, growing terrestrially in leaf litter, or epiphytically at a low level on trunks and branches, or frequently on rotting lags or mossy rocks, 1200-2700 m.
Cultivation:
Potted in a fairly fine bark mix (to which extra leaf mold can be added but the drainage must be free), at intermediate temperatures, in moderate to heavy shade. Water well while growing, but keep almost dry when resting.
Distribution:
Ethiopia to S. Africa
References:
Flora Capensis, Vol 5, Part 3, page 3, (1913) Author: (By R. A. ROLFE.); The Journal of the Linnean Society. [v.10 (1869)]: Page 458; The Forest Vegetation of the Nyika Plateau (Malawi-Zambia): Ecological and Phenological Studies F. Dowsett-Lemaire, Bulletin du Jardin botanique national de Belgique / Bulletin van de National Plantentuin van België, Vol. 55, No. 3/4 (Dec. 31, 1985), pp. 301-392; List of Orchids Flowered at Kew in 1890 Bulletin of Miscellaneous Information (Royal Gardens, Kew), Vol. 1891, No. 51 (1891), pp. 52-75
Images:
Click on each image to see a larger version.

Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ  Habitat/In situ 
Liparis bowkeri, 01
 
Liparis bowkeri, 02
 
Liparis bowkeri, 03
 
Liparis bowkeri, 04
 
Liparis bowkeri, 05
 
 Liparis bowkerii 06
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission. 
Photograph© Cameron
McMaster. Image used
with kind permission.