AFRICAN

ORCHIDS

Spathoglottis plicata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 401 (1825).
Heterotypic Synonyms:
Bletia angustifolia Gaudich., Voy. Uranie: 421 (1829).
Paxtonia rosea Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 24(Misc.): 61 (1838).
Spathoglottis lilacina Griff., Not. Pl. Asiat. 3: 323 (1851).
Phaius rumphii Blume, Mus. Bot. 2: 179 (1856).
Spathoglottis spicata Lindl., J. Proc. Linn. Soc., Bot. 3: 9 (1858).
Spathoglottis deplanchei Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 86 (1876).
Spathoglottis vieillardii Rchb.f., Linnaea 41: 85 (1876).
Spathoglottis angustifolia (Gaudich.) Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 3: 512 (1883).
Spathoglottis augustorum Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 25: 9 (1886).
Spathoglottis rosea (Lindl.) G.Nicholson, Ill. Dict. Gard. 3: 467 (1886).
Spathoglottis plicata var. minahassae Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 21: 180 (1925).
Spathoglottis daenikeri Kraenzl., Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf. Ges. Zürich 74: 80 (1929).
Calanthe poilanei Gagnep., Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., sér. 2, 22: 625 (1951).
Description:
Pseudobulbs ovoid-conic, ca. 3 × 1-1.7 cm, ± enclosed in sheaths, with 3-5 leaves. Leaf blade linear-lanceolate, 30-80 × 5-7 cm, petiole-like stalk 10-20 cm. Inflorescence to 100 cm, with many tubular sheaths; rachis 8-15 cm, 9-16-flowered; floral bracts reflexed, purple, ovate, ca. 1.5 cm. Flowers opening successively, purple; pedicel and ovary purplish, 25-35 mm. Sepals ovate, concave, 15-17 × ca. 9 mm, sparsely pubescent, apex acute; lateral sepals oblique. Petals subelliptic, ca. 18 × 13 mm, apex acute; lip 3-lobed, 16-23 mm, with 2 small, triangular, pubescent auricles at base of claw; disk with 2 short keels arising from base of lip; lateral lobes falcate, ca. 6 × 3 mm, apex dilated and truncate; mid-lobe dilated toward apex and flabellate, ca. 10 mm, apex subtruncate and often shallowly 2-lobed, with a distinct claw at base; claw and lower part of lip sometimes yellow; keels expanded toward apex into 2 large, fleshy, erect, rounded extensions terminating near base of claw, extensions pubescent adaxially. Column ca. 1.5 cm.
Flowering time:
Jan-Dec.
Habitat:
Sunny places at forest margins, grassy slopes.
Distribution:
Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to Pacific